Working Class

The working class (or labouring class) comprises those engaged in waged or salaried labour, especially in manual-labour occupations and industrial work. Working-class occupations (see also "Designation of workers by collar color") include blue-collar jobs, some white-collar jobs, and most pink-collar jobs. Members of the working class rely exclusively upon earnings from wage labour; thus, according to more inclusive definitions, the category can include almost all of the working population of industrialized economies, as well as those employed in the urban areas (cities, towns, villages) of non-industrialized economies or in the rural workforce.

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Publications

Individual Contributors to Policy Commons · 21 June 2024 English

The first cricket test match I ever attended was England versus West Indies at the Oval in the baking hot summer of 1976. It was the final test of a …

MCC and Lord’s, or, for that matter, of the working-class league cricket of northern England, where players


Sanders Institute · 17 June 2024 English

“Why are working class people apathetic about politics? Because politics is completely dominated by corporations.” If there is a chicken-or-the-egg question as it regards working class politics in the

<p>“Why are working class people apathetic about politics? Because politics is completely dominated a chicken-or-the-egg question as it regards working class politics in the year 2024 and beyond, some of


UNDP: United Nations Development Programme · 4 June 2024 English

Starting from a theoretical framework that conceptualizes policy outcomes as the result of complex interactions between actors, institutions and discourses, the paper synthesizes global research on the politics of (re)distribution …

the presence of a large urban, industrial working class, high levels of formalisation and relatively outcomes are a function of the structure of the working class and the extent to which institutionalised,


RSF: Russell Sage Foundation · 1 June 2024 English

Paying reparations to Black Americans has long been contentiously debated. This article addresses an unexamined pillar of this debate: the United States has a long-standing social norm that if an …

twentieth century. These were overwhelmingly working- class women of color labeled as “feeble- minded”


RSF: Russell Sage Foundation · 1 June 2024 English

In March 2021, the city council in Evanston, Illinois, began distributing reparations funds to Black residents in the form of $25,000 housing grants. In doing so, Evanston became the first …

would you say you belong in? □ Lower class □ Working class □ Middle class □ Upper-middle class □ Upper


RSF: Russell Sage Foundation · 1 June 2024 English

Since the end of the civil rights movement, the United States has not made meaningful progress toward closing the racial wealth gap. Without deliberate policy intervention, this gap will likely …

benefit- ting first and foremost the black working class—those who have been most ravaged by the depredations


EU: European Union · 31 May 2024 French

Swedish elections, and you see that ordinary working-class people, who have invested their hope in Europe


Cato Institute · 30 May 2024 English

A number of years ago Saturday Night Live featured a skit of a fictional game show asking contestants to answer the question as to between two celebrities, "?Quien es mas …

complements both. ⬥ Free trade policies help the working class and domestic manufacturers. Protectionism empowers fact itʼs usually the opposite. Trade, the Working Class, and Domestic Manufacturing Another prominent conservatives is that free trade somehow hurts the working class. Conservatives undoubtedly consider the Tax products more expensive. Closely related to the working‐ class harm argument is the loss of manufacturing


Nordic Co-operation | Nordic Council & Nordic Council of Ministers · 30 May 2024 English

This paper summarises that debate and serves as a conceptual overview of the topic in order to provide a better understanding of what factors, or combination of factors, are driving …

are often portrayed as the “obsolete white working class” as opposed to the “modern middle class” that


CEIP: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace · 28 May 2024 English

Many formerly badly paid Russian blue-collar workers have seen their salaries skyrocket since the full-scale invasion of Ukraine, far outpacing inflation.

Bolstering Working-Class Support Russia's Soaring Wartime Salaries Are Bolstering Working-Class Support


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