Zirconium is a chemical element with the symbol Zr and atomic number 40. The name zirconium is taken from the name of the mineral zircon (the word is related to Persian zargun (zircon; zar-gun, "gold-like" or "as gold")), the most important source of zirconium. It is a lustrous, grey-white, strong transition metal that closely resembles hafnium and, to a lesser extent, titanium. Zirconium is mainly used as a refractory and opacifier, although small amounts are used as an alloying agent for its strong resistance to corrosion. Zirconium forms a variety of inorganic and organometallic compounds such as zirconium dioxide and …



Brookings Institution · 28 November 2023 English

Since the start of 2023, tension between the U.S. and South Africa has rapidly escalated. In February, South Africa welcomed the Russian warship Admiral Gorshkov--with the Kremlin's pro-war symbol, the …

articles (2615) Niobium, tantalum, vanadium or zirconium ores (2820) Manganese oxides (7202) Ferro- alloys

TNI: Transnational Institute · 23 November 2023 English

communities, caused environmental harm and contribut- The first section, the sands worth billions, provides a basic ed to the climate crisis.4 Mining corporations and the state overview of the valuable …

terms interchangeably. Heavy conium chemicals and zirconium metal. The vast majority earthmoving equipment equipment (excavators and trucks) is used (97%) of zirconium chemicals and metal produced world- to excavate fetishism, 19 Cameron Perks, Gavin Mudd, Titanium, zirconium labour and the state. Environment and Planning cycles 8 Cameron Perks, Gavin Mudd, Titanium, zirconium of production of commodities, ‘new’ capital is or its recon- 9 Technical handbook on zirconium and zirconium version into capital, is called accumulation

ECIPE: European Centre for International Political Economy · 8 November 2023 English

Trade data reveals that the total value of EU exports in digital and digitally enabled services to both the US and the rest of the world is roughly equivalent to …

molybdenum, titanium, niobium, tantalum, vanadium, zirconium, pre- cious-metal or antimony ores and concentrates) 81019400 8.91 China sintering Unwrought zirconium and zirconium powders, containing < 1 part hafni- 81092100 20.32 United States um to 500 parts zirconium by weight Zirconium waste and scrap, containing < 1 part 5.06 United States zirconium by weight (excl. ash and residues containing zirconium) Articles of beryllium

ACET: African Center for Economic Transformation · 19 October 2023 English

Human well-being, the ultimate goal of economic transformation in Africa and one of the core inputs measured by the index, has improved since the turn of the century— not everywhere, …

five top export products (gold, coffee, tea, zirconium ore, and tin ore) made up 96 percent of total

IMF: International Monetary Fund · 3 October 2023 English

This paper studies the economic impact of fragmentation of commodity trade. We assemble a novel dataset of production and bilateral trade flows of the 48 most important energy, mineral and …

considerations, the calibration of crude oil and zirconium uses data from 2018. 20 use the average elasticity specific adjustment factors. Zinc (refined) Minerals Zirconium Minerals Table A.2: Mapping Table for the Trade zinc peroxide 281700 Zirconium Zirconium ores and concentrates 261510 Zirconium minerals Sources: Production (2020) Zinc (re- fined) -0.007 0.181 Dahl (2020) Zirconium -0.2715304 0.265625 Average mineral elas- ticities Zinc (refined) -0.06 0.92 Fally and Sayre (2018) Zirconium -0.17 0.52 Average elasticity across mineral com-

CEIP: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace · 2 October 2023 English

The combination of key mineral endowments in African countries and U.S. objectives to reorient clean energy supply chains away from competitors like China can serve as the foundation for a …

Palladium Platinum Tantalum Titanium Vanadium Zirconium China South Africa Madagascar Gabon Rwanda DRC

SAIIA: South African Institute of International Affairs · 26 September 2023 English

By shedding light on the intricacies of critical minerals, the report aims to equip policymakers, stakeholders and readers with the knowledge necessary to navigate the complex landscape of sustainable development …

batteries Tungsten Water resistant steel alloys Zirconium Hydrogen electrolysers alkali process Source:

ACET: African Center for Economic Transformation · 25 September 2023 English

ATI 2023:Country Profile Rwanda

five top export products (gold, coffee, tea, zirconium ore, and tin ore) made up 96 percent of total

ASPI: Australian Strategic Policy Institute · 20 September 2023 English

Critical minerals and rare earths are the building blocks for emerging and future technologies, inseparable from the supply chains of manufacturing, clean energy production, medical technology, semiconductors, and the defence …

79 kt China Vanadium High 8,110 kt 0 110 kt China Zirconium High Zircon: 78,600 kt Zircon: 500 kt Zircon: c Hafnium statistics are included in zirconium, as zirconium and hafnium are typically contained in Rutile statistics from Geoscience Australia.133 g Zirconium reserves are reflective of zircon statistics from China – 48 Yttrium*b China – 49 Zinc China 32% 50 Zirconium Australia 36% PGE = platinum-group element; *

T&E: Transport & Environment · 19 September 2023 English

Impact of ZEV adoption on … presented along five building competitiveness of Europe’s truck blocks industry1 until 2035 … 1 Current state of the European truck industry 2 Shift to …

labor Connectivity/V2X service (TaaS) after sales zirconium, tantalum paint shop, communication E.g., pay

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