cover image: Two Decades of the Quad: Diplomacy and Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific


Two Decades of the Quad: Diplomacy and Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific

14 Jun 2024

Introduction Quad countries are home to a combined 1.9 billion people—or 24% of the world’s population— and represent 35% of the world’s GDP and 18% of global trade [1] The Quad, initially known as the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, is a strategic diplomatic partnership composed of Australia, India, Japan, and the United States. The group’s origins can be traced back to December 2004 when these four countries first came together as an ad-hoc grouping to provide humanitarian aid and assistance to countries affected by the Indian Ocean Tsunami. Despite the end of the humanitarian relief operation in January 2005, a push for a more formal partnership continued. In 2007, the group held its inaugural, albeit informal first meeting on the sidelines of the ASEAN Regional Forum in Manila, the Philippines. However, the initial iteration of the Quad was short-lived, as concerns about the group’s impact on diplomatic relations—particularly with China—led to its informal dissolution in 2008.
india economic recovery china trade united states japan australia population humanitarian aid international affairs gdp policy coordination indo-pacific usa and canada the pacific, east and southeast asia military exercises strategic partnership raisina dialogue vaccine diplomacy quad countries


Samir Saran, Harsh V. Pant, Vivek Gopal, Lilah Connell, Amy Namur, Robin McCoy, Aryan D'Rozario, Satu Limaye

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