Tanzania - Mainland Poverty Assessment 2019 : Executive Summary
Coherent Identifier 20.500.12592/rjttts

Tanzania - Mainland Poverty Assessment 2019 : Executive Summary

9 December 2019


This report summarizes a comprehensive analysis of poverty and inequality in Tanzania and identifies some priority actions if poverty is to be reduced. The first part is based on the results of the Household Budget Surveys (HBSs) for 2007, 2012, and 2018; several rounds of National Panel Surveys (NPSs); and Demographic Health Survey (DHS) data. It also combines spatial information from the population census and other sources with HBS data to (1) provide a rigorous analysis of the evolution, profile, and determinants of poverty and inequality; (2) exploremovements in and out of poverty and their drivers; and (3) examine the distribution of poverty and living conditions across the country at a detailed geographic level. The second and final part examines the pattern of structural transformation, firm profiles, job creation, and financial inclusion using the rebased GDP figures released in February 2019, plus data from the Statistical Business Register (SBR), Census of Industrial Production (CIP), national accounts, NPS, Integrated Labor Force Surveys (ILFS), and other sources. This executive summary provides an overview ofall the findings. Full report (Part I and Part II) can be found here http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/docsearch?query=147025

Disclosure Status
Doc Name
Executive Summary
Document Date
Originating Unit
EFI-AFR1-POV-Poverty and Equity (EAEPV)
Rel Proj ID
TZ-Evolution And Disparity Of Poverty, And Jobs In Tanzania -- P164456
Total Volume(s)
Unit Owning
EFI-AFR1-POV-Poverty and Equity (EAEPV)
Version Type
Volume No
Published in
United States of America




africa financial service information and communication technology rural area household survey tanzania market access agricultural marketing human capital hydrology physical infrastructure primary health care retail trade social safety nets unfair competition water resources raw material agricultural product large business economic sector tropical zone financial inclusion agriculture and food security early childhood development productivity gap financial constraint informal credit formal saving extreme poverty agglomeration economy income support jobs labor markets access to health care vector-borne disease gini coefficient business environment open access family background dependency ratio inequality of opportunity survey design micro credit access to water water system total fertility rate upward mobility public transportation agriculture industry energy source commercial agriculture coping strategy urban poor open defecation health problem cost of production community services educational sciences number of workers social protections and labor poor household amount due micro and small enterprises lower secondary school access to basic service access to safe water living condition million people return to education new job formal bank account beneficiary household cash transfer program health and nutrition incidence of poverty years of schooling women-headed households private sector growth general population trade and services recent years education and health government effort productive asset productive sector job opportunity job opportunities access to formal credit extremely poor household national poverty rate national poverty line household enterprise productive investment limited resources access to loan national account base year source of drinking water large enterprise micro firms poverty & inequality productivity gain overdraft facility natural disaster risk poverty headcount improved water source improved sanitation access to higher education international poverty line crop and livestock education of girl piped water economies of scale and scope access to job access to infrastructure access to electricity $$agriculture and implications for policy participation of woman poverty status lower secondary education price deflator transport service strategic location household benefit gender gap in education net enrollment rate poverty decline employment in agriculture determinants of poverty reduction in poverty status of woman high poverty rate improved service delivery complete primary school wealth quintile proportion of woman analysis of poverty agricultural worker public works program employment in industry depth of poverty household and individual formal financial institution subsidiary right limited access to finance net job creation increase in consumption better access to market nature of poverty adult equivalent change in poverty mean consumption average consumption household living standard parental education access to safe drinking water primary lower secondary lower secondary enrollment expansion of access lack of education change in consumption decline in poverty lack of opportunity productive work poor rural household labor market demand escape poverty low education value of output consumption quintile rural farmer rural ones impact on poverty reduction urban market labor market requirement food poverty line better-off household rate of inflation correlation between poverty younger generation support for entrepreneur currency fluctuation ownership of asset poor urban household education for woman growth elasticity of poverty access of woman gross enrollment dynamics of poverty total inequality distribution of poverty production of maize formal sources of credit household consumption per capita loans from family diverse resources range of path upper secondary enrollment average monthly consumption universal access to education traditional bank private money lenders