23 June 2021
The purpose of the baseline was to map the organizational structures (production, processing and marketing) of ASM, to identify constraints and problems affecting the sector’s development, to assess its impacts on livelihoods, and to identify ways in which to better regulate and manage operations. [...] This raises the question: to what extent is the government responding to these concerns and embracing the formalization challenge in the country’s artisanal and small-scale gold mining sector? The next section of the paper reflects more closely on this. [...] In line with the results of the baseline, the main objectives of the Programme were as follows: 1) to encourage small- scale mining, organizing and legalizing the informal sector and giving it the means to be more efficient and sustainable; and 2) to set up pilot training centres for operators in the provinces of Nampula, Tete and Manica. [...] While illegal mining has been criminalized in the Mining Law of 2014, there is no specific training or service to address the underlying problem of the inability to obtain licenses and lack of trust in the system or capacity to enforce the law. [...] Those who aspire to hold a Senha Mineira must submit a request to the Governor of the Province that includes the following (Government of Mozambique, 2017): • The complete identity of the petitioner and in the case of a collective, the domicile of the representative responsible; • The location of the area; • The mineral resources to be extracted from the area; • The validity period requested (the.