N - uclear Legislation in OECD and NEA Countries - Regulatory and Institutional
4 November 2019
The stated purposes of the 1987 Act are to ensure that the use of nuclear energy is safe and for the overall good of the society and the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons (Nuclear Energy Act, Section 1). [...] The principal criteria for the granting of a licence includes: adequate arrangements for the health and safety of the workforce to be involved in the activity and also for the protection of the public and the environment; adequate arrangements for the management of any nuclear waste produced; adequate arrangements to ensure that STUK has the possibility of monitoring the manufacture of fuel elemen. [...] After the conclusion of the EIA procedure and receiving the application for the Decision-in-Principle, the MAEA must obtain a preliminary safety assessment on the proposed decision from STUK, a statement from the Ministry of the Environment, and a statement from the municipal council responsible for the area proposed as a site for the facility. [...] If neither of these adverse conditions apply, the Government will then proceed to consider the issue from the perspective of the overall good of society, paying particular attention to the country’s energy needs, the suitability of the intended site, the environmental impact of the facility and the methods proposed for managing the spent nuclear fuel and other nuclear waste (Nuclear Energy Act, Se. [...] Agreement between the Kingdom of Belgium, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, Ireland, the Italian Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the European Atomic Energy Community and the International Atomic Energy Agency in implementation of Article III (1) and (4) of the Treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons (78/164/Euratom), OJ L 5.