STATISTICAL REPORT ON ARAB SOCIETY IN ISRAEL 2021 | Israel Democracy Institute
6 July 2022
The Arab population in northern Israel and in the mixed cities is heterogeneous in terms of its religious affiliation (comprising Muslims, Christians, and Druze), while the Arab population of the Triangle region and the Negev is exclusively Muslim. [...] In northern Israel and the Triangle region, the Arab population is heterogeneous: The relative size of the Druze population in the north is twice as large as its national share, while the relative size of the Christian population in mixed cities is four times its national share. [...] The fertility rate for women in the Bedouin community in the Negev (5.26) is almost twice as high as that for Arab women in northern Israel (2.36 in the Northern District, 2.61 in the Haifa District) and in the Triangle region (2.69). [...] The history of Arab voter turnout can be categorized according to four main periods: The first period (1949–1973, from the founding of the state to the 1973 Yom Kippur War), was marked by the military administration imposed on the Arab population, against the backdrop of what were the tragic consequences of the 1948 war for Arab society. [...] The fourth period (2015–2021) began with the establishment of the Joint List in 2015 and ended with its dissolution, and the inclusion of Ra’am in the government formed after the elections for the 24th Knesset.