Climate Action, Social Justice, and Democracy: Europe’s New Trilemma
2 February 2023
European politics have been hobbled by a complex trilemma of the green transition, social justice, and democracy. Rather than approaching this puzzle in terms of trade-offs, European governments should employ open forms of democratic engagement to cultivate positive linkages.
Richard Youngs is a senior fellow in the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, based at Carnegie Europe. He works on EU foreign policy and on issues of international democracy.
europe eu politics and institutions democracy and rule of law climate action and ecological transitions