Leading and Coordinating Global Health: Strengthening the World Health Organization
13 February 2023
7 The idea of a health organization as part of the League of Nations was discussed at the first meeting of the Council of the League of Nations in 1920 and plans for convening a conference for forming the organization were made. [...] However, supporters of the LNHO were resistant to the revival of the OIHIP and advocated for the establishment of a new international agency that would assume the functions of the LNHO.11 The US was also opposed to the re-opening of the OIHIP. [...] "32 The NIEO Declaration served as the moral and political backdrop for the movement in the WHO to pursue the goal of primary health care (PHC) and the goal of "health for all"33 under the leadership of its Director-General Dr. [...] This was supported by the WHO by assisting countries in the process of selection of a list of essential medicines in the context of their health challenges and promoting rational use of drugs.41 The production and distribution of essential drugs was seen as an area in which implementation of the NIEO declaration could contribute to decreasing the dependency of the global South on developed countri. [...] In 1979, the same year that the World Health Assembly adopted the Alma Ata Declaration, the Rockefeller Foundation sponsored a conference in Bellagio, Italy with the participation of the heads of the World Bank, the Canadian International Development and Research Center (IDRC), the Ford Foundation, and USAID.