P UBLICATIONS - THE CANADIAN NORTHERN CORRIDOR COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT PROGRAM: RESULTS AND LESSONS LEARNED
12 September 2023
• The Government of Canada, in line with its consultations on the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, should identify ways to incorporate the principles of Free, Prior, and Informed Consent in legal and regulatory frameworks related to infrastructure and natural resource development. [...] We also found six cross-cutting factors exacerbating the infrastructure gap between northern and southern Canada: 1) infrastructure governance and ownership; 2) the state of repair of existing infrastructure; 3) the lack of accessibility (e.g., to services or communications infrastructure) and community remoteness; 4) the existence and availability of skills and human capacity; 5) local capacities. [...] The concept combines both linear and point-to-point infrastructure and proposes a series of interconnected corridors across mid- and northern regions with the goal of connecting all three coasts and integrating with existing infrastructure in the south. [...] Many participants attributed both the loss of routes and the high costs of remaining routes to limited competition within the Canadian aviation industry and the consequent monopolization by a small number of airlines following deregulation in the 1980s. [...] For more remote communities dependent on barge shipments and sealifts in the summer and air transportation for goods and people the rest of the year, the cost of basic goods like food and clothing can be exorbitant.