Contemporary Civil-Military Relations in the Sahel
Coherent Identifier 20.500.12592/t4c4g6

Contemporary Civil-Military Relations in the Sahel

12 February 2019

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The first part of the paper traces the origins and the evolution of strong political influence of armed forces (praetorianism) across the region. [...] The table demonstrates the full extent to which the various national armed forces shaped domestic politics across the region until the end of the Cold War in 1990. [...] In Chad, the outbreak of the civil war in the late 1970s led to the disintegration of the armed forces. [...] Given the firm grip of Taya over the armed forces and the omnipresence of the armed forces inside the administration, the 1992, 1997 and 2003 elections were foregone conclusions. [...] Although the major cities of the north are by now under the control of the state, the jihadi insurgency has managed to spread to the central region and the Niger-Mali border (International Crisis Group, 2015).

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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development