The Wave of Jihadist Insurgency in West Africa
Coherent Identifier 20.500.12592/m911cc

The Wave of Jihadist Insurgency in West Africa

28 July 2017

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At the global level, there is the formation and dissemination of the global ideology of jihadism, conceptualised by Muslim activists and scholars based on a particular understanding of Islam and the challenges that are facing contemporary Muslim societies. [...] The conflict continued from 1991 to 2002 when a radical branch of the Islamist insurgents, called the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC in the French acronym), adopted Al-Qaeda’s jihadist ideology and shifted the focus of the insurgency from regime change in Algeria to waging jihad throughout the Sahelo-Saharan region. [...] The creation of the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO in the French acronym), in fact, came as a result of tensions over the leadership of the movement between the Algerians and the Malian Arabs. [...] The later accused the former of hijacking all of the positions of leadership within AQIM, and of a double standard policy in the treatment of Tuareg and Arab jihadists. [...] In particular, the interpretation of the principle of excommunication (Takfir) has been a matter of important controversy among jihadist ideologues, leading to the recent split between what has been called the “Al-Qaeda approach” and the “ISIS approach” to jihad.

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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development