A Reflection on Türkiye’s Centennial
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A Reflection on Türkiye’s Centennial

7 November 2023


The country faces deep societal divisions about major aspects of its identity, with consequences for its future as an international actor and a regional power.

Published in
United States of America


Alper Coşkun
Alper Coşkun is a senior fellow in the Europe Program and leads the Türkiye and the World Project at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, DC.

Sinan Ülgen
Ülgen is a senior fellow at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on Turkish foreign policy, nuclear policy, cyberpolicy, and transatlantic relations.


turkey middle east europe program