Abstracts

An abstract is a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding, or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper's purpose. When used, an abstract always appears at the beginning of a manuscript or typescript, acting as the point-of-entry for any given academic paper or patent application. Abstracting and indexing services for various academic disciplines are aimed at compiling a body of literature for that particular subject. The terms précis or synopsis are used in some publications to refer to the same thing that other publications …

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Publications

Financial Incentives to Increase Utilization of Reproductive, Maternal, and Child Health Services …

World Bank Group · 4 October 2021 English

Financial incentives for health providers and households are increasingly used to improve reproductive, maternal, and child health service coverage in low- and middle-income countries. This study provides a quantitative synthesis …

excludes unofficial draft reports, conference abstracts, comments, op-eds, media briefings, and bachelor’s


Maternal mortality: near-miss events in middle-income countries, a systematic review

WHO · 1 October 2021 English

on maternal near miss; (iii) were comments, abstracts, second- ary analysis or surveys of existing studies;


Still Not Getting Energy Prices Right: A Global and Country Update of …

IMF · 24 September 2021 English

This paper provides a comprehensive global, regional, and country-level update of: (i) efficient fossil fuel prices to reflect their full private and social costs; and (ii) subsidies implied by mispricing …

and in Annex B. One caveat is that the model abstracts from the possibility of mitigation actions (beyond


At Your Service : The Promise of Services-Led Development : Main Report …

World Bank Group · 16 September 2021 English

Throughout history, industrialization has been synonymous with development. However, the trend of premature deindustrialization and the spread of automation technologies associated with Industry 4.0 has raised concerns that the development …

commodities and manufactured goods. This point abstracts from a larger literature on spillovers that


Towards the future of Europe: Social factors shaping optimism and pessimism among …

Eurofound · 16 September 2021 English

For more than a decade, uncertainty about the future in most parts of the EU has been growing. Many people believe society is in decline and this has given rise …

science bibliographic database Sociological Abstracts during the past three decades, reaching 6,839


Optimal State Contingent Sovereign Debt Instruments

IMF · 10 September 2021 English

This paper shows that the optimal sovereign lending contract is state-contingent when a government can default. It provides a theoretical basis for the specification of optimal state-contingent debt instruments (SCDIs) …

the nature a nd economics of the contract and abstracts from non essentia l terms (see a ppendix 4 for


Assessing Chile's Pension System: Challenges and Reform Options

IMF · 10 September 2021 English

Chile’s pension system came under close scrutiny in recent years. This paper takes stock of the adequacy of the system and highlights its challenges. Chile’s defined contribution system was quite …

3.7 years for men. 27 The policy analysis abstracts from potential unintended consequences of a change


From Silos to Systems : Investing in Sustainable Nutrition Science for a …

UCS · 9 September 2021 English

Diet-related disease, climate change, and environmental degradation exact an enormous toll on human and planetary health. These challenges can be addressed in part by shifting what we eat and how …

a review of a sample of 20 project titles and abstracts, the search term was not added. In these cases within the scope of work of any project, the abstracts were closely reviewed. Project titles or terms was unclear. Projects were excluded when the abstracts mentioned topics only as introduction or to provide


Air Pollution and Development in Africa: Impacts on Health, the Economy and …

UNEP · 7 September 2021 English

For the last twenty years, Africa’s growth has been accelerating. Life expectancy is increasing and deaths from communicable diseases are declining. However, rapid urbanization and industrialization bring new challenges. Ambient …

eliminated 671 of these studies through reviewing abstracts and determining that they did not meet our criteria eliminated 671 of these studies through reviewing abstracts and determining that they did not meet our criteria


The Impact of Healthcare IT on Clinical Quality, Productivity and Workers

NBER · 1 September 2021 English

Adoption of health information and communication technologies (“HICT”) has surged over the past two decades. We survey the medical and economic literature on HICT adoption and its impact on clinical …

found several thousand results and reviewed the abstracts from the 100 most recent articles and the 100


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