Business Cycles

The business cycle, also known as the economic cycle or trade cycle, are the fluctuations of gross domestic product (GDP) around its long-term growth trend. The length of a business cycle is the period of time containing a single boom and contraction in sequence. These fluctuations typically involve shifts over time between periods of relatively rapid economic growth (expansions or booms) and periods of relative stagnation or decline (contractions or recessions). Business cycles are usually measured by considering the growth rate of real gross domestic product. Despite the often-applied term cycles, these fluctuations in economic activity do not exhibit uniform …

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13 May 2022 English

721 Inside&cover MSME POLICY GUIDEBOOK FOR MSME DEVELOPMENT IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC i CONTENTS ii POLICY GUIDEBOOK FOR MSME DEVELOPMENT IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC 2ND EDITION The shaded …

including through offsetting or ‘smoothing’ business cycles in different markets.147 146 World Trade Organization


Grattan Institute · 11 May 2022 English

This can be difficult to The mandate of Australia’s independent Reserve Bank, as set out in address with monetary policy, because interest rates primarily affect the Reserve Bank Act (1959), …

a measure of sensitivity to state-specific business cycles. The results are similar, although the coefficients Fatás, A. and Saxena, S. C. Hysteresis and Business Cycles. IMF WP/20/73. International Monetary Fund


RIS · 10 May 2022 English

Dr Kung is Cambodia’s High-Level Representative for the ASEAN Community’s Post-2025 Vision, and he also serves as the Head of the Office of the Special Envoy of the ASEAN Chair …

(Jodhpur). Her research interests include Business Cycles, Capital Controls and Financial Sector Regulation


RIS · 10 May 2022 English

Dr Kung is Cambodia’s High-Level Representative for the ASEAN Community’s Post-2025 Vision, and he also serves as the Head of the Office of the Special Envoy of the ASEAN Chair …

(Jodhpur). Her research interests include Business Cycles, Capital Controls and Financial Sector Regulation


NIESR · 9 May 2022 English

J We forecast consumer price index inflation to average 7.8 per cent in 2022 and to peak at 8.3 per cent in the fourth quarter, remaining above the 3 per …

may not have strong information content for business cycles. Our analysis here focuses on the five major J. Lennard and R. Thomas, (2022) ‘Dating Business Cycles in the United Kingdom, 1700–2010’, forthcoming


NBER · 5 May 2022

We consider a New Keynesian model with downward nominal wage rigidity (DNWR) and show that government spending is much more effective in stimulating output in a low-inflation recession relative to …


NBER · 5 May 2022

Might firms' use of data create market power? To explore this hypothesis, we craft a model in which economies of scale in data induce a data-rich firm to invest in …


INET Oxford · 28 April 2022 English

4 The concept of Household Reference Person is used in a number of government surveys for deriving statistics and describing the household in terms of the characteristics of the household …

policy-friendly model of endogenous growth and business cycles. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Con- trol great mortgaging: housing finance, crises and business cycles. Economic Policy, 31(85), 107–152. Kaplan,


NBER · 28 April 2022

Using responses obtained through the Nielsen Homescan panel survey, we explore the differences between managers’ and non-managers’ expectations and perceptions of inflation and unemployment. By and large, managers and non-managers …


NBER · 21 April 2022

We examine several measures of uncertainty to make five points. First, equity market traders and executives at nonfinancial firms have shared similar assessments about one-year-ahead uncertainty since the pandemic struck. …


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