Carbon

Carbon (from Latin: carbo "coal") is a chemical element with the symbol C and atomic number 6. It is nonmetallic and tetravalent—making four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds. It belongs to group 14 of the periodic table. Carbon makes up only about 0.025 percent of Earth's crust. Three isotopes occur naturally, 12C and 13C being stable, while 14C is a radionuclide, decaying with a half-life of about 5,730 years. Carbon is one of the few elements known since antiquity.Carbon is the 15th most abundant element in the Earth's crust, and the fourth most abundant element in the universe …

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Publications

WRI · 10 December 2021 English

This paper discusses how the Latin American and Caribbean region is on the verge of a transition from experimenting with nature-based solutions (NBS) to adopting it on a much wider …

provide habitat for many species, and sequester carbon. Plus, restoring and sustainably managing mangroves crisis (SDG 13): Whereas about 8 percent of global carbon emissions are due to cement production, the backbone (Chatham House 2018). By capturing and storing carbon, NBS can deliver up to a third of the emissions chathamhouse.org/making-concrete-change-innovation-low-carbon-cement-and-concrete https://www.pnas.org/content/114/44/11645


WRI · 10 December 2021 English

This paper discusses how applied behavioral science can translate recent travel reductions into long-term organizational and sector-wide practices and policies that decrease harmful aviation emissions by supporting reduced air travel.

travel produces an increasing share of global carbon and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. If global equivalent to over 3,000 mt CO2e or the additional carbon sequestered by 4,000 acres (over 2,000 soccer aviation body), estimated that airplane emissions of carbon dioxide would triple by 2050, growing from over for air travel (Zheng et al. 2019). Purchasing carbon offsets to balance out emissions pro- duced would insufficient, especially when facing such rapid growth.4 Carbon offsets can be used to compen- sate for the high


WRI · 10 December 2021 English

This paper aims to connect unmet nature-based solutions (NBS) investment needs in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) with new financial resources. It highlights five strategies that leverage private capital …

require that proceeds support environmental or low-carbon investments. Green bonds are now one of the most investors also want to move beyond climate and carbon targets, to preserving natural assets such as transport, renewable energy, energy efficiency low-carbon building upgrades, and water infrastruc- ture (CBI ($10.6 million) for NBS (Mascagni 2020). The low-carbon gray infrastructure compo- nents include pipe sustainable model that optimizes water quality, carbon sequestration, and timber revenue. Recently, CAW


WRI · 10 December 2021 English

Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) face a substantial investment gap in their work to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and their nationally determined contributions (NDCs) to …

clients, including biodiversity, food security, carbon removal, wildfire risk reduction, air quality should contribute to the larger goal of reducing carbon emis- sions in the transportation sector, including biodiversity. Nearly 40 percent aimed to contribute to carbon sequestration, while food security (17 percent Environment Facility, the Green Climate Fund, the Forest Carbon Partner- ship Facility, and UKAid. The IDB portfolio planning—to support capacity building for low-carbon sustainable development, including implementation


PIK · 2 December 2021

is at the expense of worsening agrifood trade balance amounting to US$25 billion, and significant carbon leakages at 48%, implying that half of the EU+2's emission reduction are cancelled out by rising border carbon adjustment by the EU+2 can improve its trade balance and partially shifting mitigation burdens to other countries, but ultimately only marginally reduce global emissions (and carbon leakage)


UNEP · 25 November 2021

around 3 per cent of global land area, they store over 33 per cent of the world’s soil carbon, more than the carbon stored in all other vegetation combined. Peatlands, which are found in almost every country


UNISDR · 25 November 2021 English

UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction FOCUS ON PREVENTION Increasing SME Uptake of Disaster Risk Reduction: Recommendations for Policymakers, Financiers and the Broader Business Community Acknowledgements Disclaimer This analysis report …

that generate auxiliary revenue streams, such as carbon credits from nature-based solutions. Example: The provides global environmental services including carbon sequestration and biodi- versity conservation.



IISD · 24 November 2021

As more countries commit to ambitious climate targets, they are increasingly looking to border carbon adjustment (BCA) to prevent domestic climate policies leading to an increase of emissions abroad. IISD’s


CSEP · 23 November 2021 English

CSEP Working Paper-17 October 2021 Long-Term Goal-Setting and Planning for Decarbonising the Indian Power Sector – Need for a Coordinated Approach Daljit Singh www.csep.org Copyright © Daljit Singh Centre for …

modelling and analysis of multiple 1 In addition to carbon dioxide (CO2), there are other GHGs, and their have legislation that would legally bind the UK to carbon-emission reduction targets (ClientEarth, 2009) Government prepare carbon budgets for every five-year period and that the carbon budget be prepared 12 required to ensure that carbon emissions in any five-year-period do not exceed the carbon budget for that period end of each five-year budgetary period, if the carbon budget has not been met, it must explain to Parliament


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