Federal Government

A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing provinces, states, or other regions under a central federal government (federalism). In a federation, the self-governing status of the component states, as well as the division of power between them and the central government, is typically constitutionally entrenched and may not be altered by a unilateral decision of either party, the states or the federal political body. Alternatively, a federation is a form of government in which sovereign power is formally divided between a central authority and a number of constituent …



RAND Corporation · 18 June 2024 English

This report presents selected findings from the 2024 State of the American Teacher survey, an annual survey of kindergarten through grade 12 public school teachers in the United States. The …

K–12 public school teachers conducted by the federal government, asked teachers to report their weekly hours

RAND Corporation · 17 June 2024 English

This paper provides public comment on two National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) draft publications on technical approaches for promoting transparency in digital content and developing global artificial intelligence …

global coordination, EO 14110 instructs the federal government to “promote responsible AI safety and security

Fraser Institute · 13 June 2024 English

In 2024, the average Canadian family will earn $147,570 in income and pay an estimated $65,766 in total taxes (44.6%). If the average Canadian family had to pay its taxes …

governments reduced taxes. For example, the federal government reduced the Goods and Services Tax (GST) implications of budget deficits since the federal government and eight provinces are forecasting budget

Cato Institute · 13 June 2024 English

New York Times columnist Paul Krugman says we shouldn't obsess about the federal debt. If his is the best case for not worrying, perhaps we really should panic. As John …

why these points are of scant comfort. The federal government debt held by the public, at 99 percent of

The Aspen Institute · 12 June 2024 English

Narratives help us understand the world. They shape our identities, our aspirations, and our sense of purpose. They can offer or preclude hope. We need narratives of America that are …

in a long journey of healing. Second, the federal government, through our education system and other methods

RAND Corporation · 12 June 2024 English

This report documents several sets of analyses conducted in fiscal year 2020, during the stand-up of the U.S. Space Force, to determine the appropriate workforce alignment and training for the …

fields, has many counterparts within the federal government and within DoD. These other organizations—with

TCF: The Century Foundation · 12 June 2024 English

In the year 1600, Giordano Bruno, a Dominican friar, was burned at the stake. Why? His intellectual pursuits led him to believe that the Earth revolves around the Sun, rather …

associations of colleges were tapped by the federal government in 1952 as “reliable authorities” on educational

World Bank Group · 12 June 2024 English

services. The New Economic Policy of the Federal Government e.g. the Finance Act, VAT which has increased

IISD: International Institute for Sustainable Development · 12 June 2024 English

The costs and capabilities of grid-located batteries have improved dramatically in recent years and could play an import role in South Africa's electricity system. This report examines the challenges facing …

projects get developed sooner (Kenning, 2018). Federal government • Funding from ARENA, including to cover floor revenue value underwritten by the federal government (Peacock, 2023). Multiple revenue streams

CSEP: Centre for Social and Economic Progress · 12 June 2024 English

Fiscal Transfers from the Union to States and Healthcare in India (CSEP Working Paper 76). [...] The Centre for Social and Economic Progress (CSEP) conducts in-depth, policy-relevant research and provides …

these transfers is to some- times allow the federal government to exercise influence or oversight over the supervising providers. The country Experiences federal government co-finances provinces/territorial universal federal government’s involve- funded by the federal government and the States. The ment was limited to matters (which by law must lished, through which the federal government started be at least 50 per cent) varying with states spending about 20 per cent the federal government broad powers in all aspects of their budgets

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