Federalism is a mixed or compound mode of government that combines a general government (the central or "federal" government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system. Its distinctive feature, first embodied in the Constitution of the United States of 1789, is a relationship of parity between the two levels of government established. It can thus be defined as a form of government in which powers are divided between two levels of government of equal status.Federalism differs from confederalism, in which the general level of government is subordinate to the regional level, …



EEB: European Environmental Bureau · 17 November 2023 English

Of particular importance is the principle’s interaction with the proportionality principle, which sets limits to a warranted EU action by requiring that the proposed measures be suitable, necessary and not …

in the European Union: Keeping the Balance of Federalism, Fordham Journal of International Law, Vol. 17

Heritage Foundation · 17 November 2023 English

Holder that the coverage formula in Section 4 of the Voting Section 4 of the voting rights Act was Rights Act (VRA)—which, under Section 5, required struck down by the …

voting—a drastic departure from basic principles of federalism.”41 No other federal law presumed that states

ADB: Asian Development Bank · 16 November 2023 English

Good governance is having adequate state capacity to enable and support government activities and deliver public goods.

be achieved through decentralization and federalism, referring to the transfer of power and

World Bank Group · 16 November 2023 English

2022-01-29 2022-12-24 SO-MOF-264800-CS-CDS / Fi scal Federalism Expert IDA / D6580 Component 2: Strengthen in SO-MOF-264807-CS-CDS / S ecretary 3 Intergovernmental Fiscal Federalism Secretariat IDA / D6580 Component 2: Strengthen SO-MOF-264808-CS-CDS / S ecretary 1 Intergovernmental Fiscal Federalism Secretariat IDA / D6580 Component 2: Strengthen SO-MOF-284835-CS-CDS / S ecretary 4, Inter-Government al Federalism IDA / D6580 Component 5: Project Manag ement

IGIDR: Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research · 16 November 2023 English

Debt rises with the PD and the excess of the real interest rate (r) over the growth rate (g). [...] The UPAs first term was the best with the advantage …

interaction of domestic structure, including federalism, with global shocks and dominant ideas have left countercyclical, coordination, snowball effect, federalism, populism JEL Code: E62, E61, E63, E65 Acknowledgements:

Notre Europe: Notre Europe · 15 November 2023 English

The ambition of the European Green Deal was to put energy and climate policies at the centre of EU action and to make it the number one priority of the …

fragmentation and policy incoherence. Fiscal federalism has recently been gaining ground at the highest

SPA: Somali Public Agenda · 14 November 2023 English

Financial systems for local governments Local governments budgets Notwithstanding the limited revenue-raising powers, Puntland local governments are the only local governments that use a Financial The study revealed that local …

Puntland) have reached an agreement on fiscal federalism, which allocates fiscal powers to local government

World Bank Group · 14 November 2023 English

of the project on state-building, stability, federalism structure, and service delivery and spillover practices and the practical implementation of fiscal federalism. For example, one RCRF project consultant later

ADB: Asian Development Bank · 14 November 2023 English

This ADB and OECD copublication analyzes subnational governments (SNGs) in Asia and the Pacific and assesses ways to bolster their financial resources and build capacity so they can more effectively …

federal countries, four have a form of asymmetric federalism. Many unitary countries also have asymmetric depending on the population and state. Asymmetric federalism is common across federal countries in Asia and countries, four countries have a form of asymmetric federalism (India, Malaysia, Australia and Pakistan). Only

CESifo Network · 13 November 2023 English

Disciplining Ballots? - (Un-intended) Effects of Voter Engagement on the Fiscal Sustainability of Swiss Cantons

Democracy and Local Public Finances under Cooperative Federalism” Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 119: 801-820

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