Federalism is a mixed or compound mode of government that combines a general government (the central or "federal" government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system. Its distinctive feature, first embodied in the Constitution of the United States of 1789, is a relationship of parity between the two levels of government established. It can thus be defined as a form of government in which powers are divided between two levels of government of equal status.Federalism differs from confederalism, in which the general level of government is subordinate to the regional level, …



CSEP: Centre for Social and Economic Progress · 12 June 2024 English

Fiscal Transfers from the Union to States and Healthcare in India (CSEP Working Paper 76). [...] The Centre for Social and Economic Progress (CSEP) conducts in-depth, policy-relevant research and provides …

9 2 Fiscal Federalism in India – Historical and Constitutional Backdrop 11 3 Fiscal Federalism and Healthcare in India: Recent Developments crucial element of human development, ‘Fiscal Federalism’ is a broad term referring to the not only as both individuals and countries. Health fiscal federalism, the national government first cen- spending has one of the highest rates The core of fiscal federalism is inter-governmental of out-of-pocket expenditure

Centre for Cities · 12 June 2024 English

A common benchmark for the UK economy is how it performs against other G7 countries. Despite this, very little is understood about how cities in the G7 measure up, and …

more on local property taxation. For example, federalism in the United States relies on a mix of sales

World Bank Group · 5 June 2024 English

Rationale Program contribution to cooperative federalism. The PDO was relevant at appraisal both in the stated in the PAD (p.3, para.9), "for cooperative federalism to be effective, robust PFM systems would have

World Bank Group · 5 June 2024 English

2022-01-30 2022-12-24 SO-MOF-264800-CS-CDS / Fi scal Federalism Expert IDA / D6580 Component 2: Strengthen in SO-MOF-264807-CS-CDS / S ecretary 3 Intergovernmental Fiscal Federalism Secretariat IDA / D6580 Component 2: Strengthen SO-MOF-264808-CS-CDS / S ecretary 1 Intergovernmental Fiscal Federalism Secretariat IDA / D6580 Component 2: Strengthen SO-MOF-284835-CS-CDS / S ecretary 4, Inter-Government al Federalism IDA / D6580 Component 5: Project Manag ement

World Bank Group · 5 June 2024 English

21st, 2019): This was to be aligned with the federalism structure. Based on implementation of the 2015

UNDP: United Nations Development Programme · 4 June 2024 English

Starting from a theoretical framework that conceptualizes policy outcomes as the result of complex interactions between actors, institutions and discourses, the paper synthesizes global research on the politics of (re)distribution …

Chang, 2004). Rogers (2016) examines the role of federalism in increasing veto points – finding that empowered

World Bank Group · 3 June 2024 English

Pakistani children have faced nationwide and severe disruptions to their schooling over the past several years, first due to the COVID-19 pandemic and then the 2022 floods. Given the country’s …

Tabadlab. (2021). Stress Testing Pakistani Federalism: Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic Response

Center for Political Accountability · 2 June 2024 English

The lawsuit alleges oil companies violated public and private nuisance laws, as well as laws requiring them to warn about the harms caused by their products — and it demands …

all state court cases, and out of respect for federalism, the Supreme https://archive.ph/o/IBVRe/https:/www

Fraser Institute · 31 May 2024 English

Summary The objective of this study is to investigate, based on econometric modelling using time-series data from 1868 to 2021, how Canadian federal governments have responded to budget deficits. The …

published extensively on tax policy and fiscal federalism. He has served as an Associate Editor of Canadian

NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research · 31 May 2024 English

We use data from the Population Assessment of Tobacco Use and Health (PATH), a longitudinal data set including self-reported and biomarker measures of tobacco use, to examine the effects of …

Benjamin, Keaton Miller, and Caroline Weber. 2020. “Federalism, partial prohibition, and cross- border sales:

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