Gasoline (), or petrol () (see the etymology for naming differences) is a clear petroleum-derived flammable liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in most spark-ignited internal combustion engines. It consists mostly of organic compounds obtained by the fractional distillation of petroleum, enhanced with a variety of additives. On average, a 160-liter (42-U.S.-gallon) barrel of crude oil can yield up to about 72 liters (19 U.S. gallons) of gasoline after processing in an oil refinery, depending on the crude oil assay and on what other refined products are also extracted. The characteristic of a particular gasoline blend to resist …



IEA: International Energy Agency · 24 November 2023 English

The global oil and gas industry encompasses a large and diverse range of players: from small, specialised operators to huge national oil companies. These producers face pivotal choices about their …

reduces its output of traditional products like gasoline and diesel, and focuses more on petrochemical are expressed in energy equivalent volumes of gasoline and diesel, reported in million barrels of oil patterns of product demand. Transport fuels such as gasoline, diesel and kerosene have been the main driver reductions in the coming decades. The decline in gasoline demand is particularly notable, with its share 2030 2050 2030 2050 Others Diesel and kerosene Gasoline Ethane, LPG and naphtha mb/d APS NZE IEA. CC BY

GFEI: Global Fuel Economy Initiative · 23 November 2023 English

Motor emissions could have fallen by over 30% without SUV trend. Global fall averaged 4.2% between 2010 and 2022 but would have been far more if vehicle sizes stayed same. …

major markets Notes: Lge stands for litres of gasoline equivalent, and it is used to standardise fuel shows specific energy consumption plotted against gasoline prices and GDP per capita, both corrected based Consumption (lge/100km) Fuel Consumption (lge/100km) Gasoline Price (2022 USD PPP) GDP PPP per capita (thousand Evolution of specific energy consumption and gasoline price (left) and GDP per capita (right), using assessment (see the Annex for sources and methods) Gasoline prices from the IEA energy prices database (IEA

World Bank Group · 22 November 2023

about environmental damage, increased support for reforms in countries that primarily subsidize gasoline and among respondents who perceive themselves to be middle class. Around 30 percent of respondents

FTSE Russell · 21 November 2023 English

Our third annual Net Zero Atlas provides an updated analysis of G20 countries’ climate targets, mitigation strategies, and physical risk exposures. The report outlines a refreshed evaluation of the ‘temperature …

mandates blending 5% biodiesel and 12% ethanol with gasoline.4 • National plan for the restoration of native amendment in 2019)23: A fuel tax for diesel and gasoline set at A$0.46 per liter in September 2022. The

Urban Institute · 21 November 2023 English

Total state government tax revenue collections declined 12.8 percent in nominal terms and 15.7 percent in real terms in the second quarter of 2023 relative to a year earlier. The …

vehicles, and changing driving habits all affect gasoline consumption and motor fuel taxes. Changes in state rate is tied to a variable, such as the price of gasoline, inflation, or another metric.12 Gas and oil percent in the second quarter of 2023. Spending on gasoline and energy goods represents about one-fifth of increases in gas and oil prices. However, spending on gasoline and energy goods decreased by 0.9 percent in

Cato Institute · 21 November 2023

soon, and a shrinking economy. Any adjustment—which will include significant hikes in the price of gasoline, electricity, transportation, and so on—will be harsh.

UCS: Union of Concerned Scientists · 21 November 2023 English

Is investing in hydrogen-powered trucks as a solution for addressing emissions and other air pollutants from heavy-duty vehicles a good idea?

fine particulates at rates even greater than gasoline vehicles (Thawko and Tartakovsky 2022). Given

IMF: International Monetary Fund · 21 November 2023 English

Urgent and aggressive action to cut greenhouse gas emissions this decade is needed. As countries take stock of the Paris Agreement, this Note provides IMF staff’s annual assessment of global …

emissions with high price (>$60/tCO2) 77% is gasoline and diesel Panel 1. Effective Carbon Price on unpriced, and from gasoline and diesel are somewhat priced—but emissions from gasoline and diesel are shifts to electric vehicles or more efficient gasoline vehicles then the same emissions reduction can Reducing driving Shifting to EVs Shifting to cleaner gasoline/diesel vehicles Reducing building emissions Reducing

Mo Ibrahim Foundation · 20 November 2023 English

While curtailing the emissions of those with the biggest carbon footprints makes obvious sense, and will have the greatest impact on the climate crisis, for Africa the focus must be …

zero-emissions cement or steel are not available Oil (gasoline): 70.9 kg CO2 at scale. • Renewable alternatives

CEEW: Council on Energy, Environment and Water · 20 November 2023 English

from the cement Our baseline estimates show that nearly 56 per cent of the total 0.66 tonnes of CO2 per tonne industry of cement produced is due to the calcination …

methanol provides, such as fuel for blending in gasoline, the petrochemical industry, the building block provides. Their uses include fuel for blending in gasoline, the petrochemical industry, a building block

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