International Trade

International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories because there is a need or want of goods or services.In most countries, such trade represents a significant share of gross domestic product (GDP). While international trade has existed throughout history (for example Uttarapatha, Silk Road, Amber Road, scramble for Africa, Atlantic slave trade, salt roads), its economic, social, and political importance has been on the rise in recent centuries. Carrying out trade at an international level is a complex process when compared to domestic trade. When trade takes place between two or more nations …

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Publications

NITI Aayog: National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog) · 22 July 2024 English

The economic reforms under way and the economic & institutional reforms on the agenda for the next few years, will sustain growth of per capita GDP at 7% during the …

enterprises (MNEs)/corporations (MNCs) in driving international trade in manufactured goods, in the post-world particularly those relating to inter-state and international trade in agricultural goods, (3) The strategic of China, are economically dependent on international trade, FDI and economic interaction with China


ERIA: Economic Research Institute for ASEAN & East Asia · 22 July 2024 English

ERIA Event Report 2024

part of its EPR. Harmonise Regional and International Trade in Plastics C4: Differing levels of supply Challenges Actions Harmonise Regional and International Trade in Plastics C4 Differing levels of ASEAN


RIS: Research and Information System for Developing Countries · 20 July 2024 English

It was noted in the Food Security Policy Research, the objectives of the Conference sessions that the agricultural sector Capacity, and Influence (PRCI), and underlined the key areas in the …

affairs on May 9, 2024. Around 14 aspects of international trade science diplomacy initiatives and students


IMF: International Monetary Fund · 18 July 2024 English

The economy contracted in 2023 due to high energy prices and interest rates. Headline inflation has fallen sharply as end-user energy prices have stabilized, but core inflation remains somewhat stickier, …

GDP, which helped support disinflation. International trade buffered the domestic downturn due to substantial



World Bank Group · 18 July 2024 English

The Container Port Performance Index (CPPI) measures the time container ships spend in port, making it an important point of reference for stakeholders in the global economy. These stakeholders include …

to the overall port competitiveness and international trade costs. Micco et al. (2003) identified a link between port efficiency and the cost of international trade. Clark, Dollar, and Micco (2004) found a confirmed the impact of port performance on international trade costs, finding that doubling port efficiency Martin Sgut. 2003. “Port Efficiency and International Trade: Port Efficiency as a Determinant of Maritime


World Bank Group · 17 July 2024 French

Economic growth has recovered. The Moroccan economy has shown resilience in the face of various challenges, including a slowdown in the global economy, an inflation shock, and the Al Haouz …



World Bank Group · 17 July 2024 English

This paper studies the relationship between tariffs and non-tariff measures (NTMs) to understand the recent trade tensions with governments mixing trade policies, such as the European Union imposing NTMs on …

can potentially have an economic effect on international trade in goods and aim primarily at protecting review of political-economic research on international trade policy. ¹⁰Empirical evidence in India finds instruments over time. The Political Economy of International Trade, page 57. Bown, C. P. and Tovar, P. (2011) database. CEPII. Copeland, B. R. (1994). International trade and the environment: policy reform in a polluted


IADB: Inter-American Development Bank · 17 July 2024 English

This Poverty and Equity Assessment aims to inform efforts to reduce poverty and inequality at what could be an important turning point for Suriname. The assessment was written as Suriname …

pursuant to the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) rules. The use of the IDB's


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