Philosophy

Philosophy (from Greek: φιλοσοφία, philosophia, 'love of wisdom') is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about reason, existence, knowledge, values, mind, and language. Such questions are often posed as problems to be studied or resolved. The term was probably coined by Pythagoras (c. 570 – c. 495 BCE). Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument, and systematic presentation.Historically, philosophy encompassed all bodies of knowledge and a practitioner was known as a philosopher. From the time of Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle to the 19th century, "natural philosophy" encompassed astronomy, medicine, and physics. For example, Newton's 1687 …

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Publications

UN: The United Nations · 6 December 2024 English

9 p.

campaign to propagate the new vision and risk philosophy, and a robust network and community of practice campaign to propagate the new vision and risk philosophy, as well as with setting up a robust network


4 Day Week Global · 17 July 2024 English

This report describes and evaluates the four-day week pilot project in Portugal. The report is divided into four parts, detailing the project's origin, implementation, and effects on companies and workers. …

idea is not so much a change in processes as the philosophy of 4 Day Week Global, but rather investment The coordinating team presented the project's philosophy, described the main results of international


Individual Contributors to Policy Commons · 16 July 2024 English

EAs building God. NRxers conquering the state. No more wokes vs chuds, but Thiel vs Karnofsky; Land smiles bitterly. Debates not about bathrooms, but «fear Apocalypse less and Antichrist more» …


Individual Contributors to Policy Commons · 15 July 2024 English

1. Janet Yellen and her dining abroad (NYT). 2. Simulation arguments, a research paper in philosophy. 3. “All three approaches return evidence of robust transgender earnings penalties of 6-13 log points


Cato Institute · 12 July 2024

Americans are ever more disaffected from politics and partisans. Our ability to offer a unique philosophy, position, and voice should inspire Cato and its Sponsors to accept this responsibility--and opportunity--with


AAN_AF: Afghanistan Analysts Network · 8 July 2024

and the wider world was described by its deputy minister for military affairs: If we look at the philosophy. [...] The ministry’s presentation provided an overview of the religious framework, the focus and


Individual Contributors to Policy Commons · 4 July 2024 English

When people feel bad and act badly, if only in rhetoric, they make others around them worse as well. That is a simple account of negative contagion of mood. There …


ERIA: Economic Research Institute for ASEAN & East Asia · 3 July 2024 English

ERIA Research Project Report FY2024, No. 04

further environmental education that utilises the philosophy of coexistence with nature and leads to the development and Greta Thunberg, Children and Philosophy’, Journal of Philosophy of Education, 55: pp.878–92. https://doi


Individual Contributors to Policy Commons · 3 July 2024 English

Yes, I will be doing another Conversation with Nate, based in part on his new and forthcoming book On the Edge: The Art of Risking Everything (I have just started …


Individual Contributors to Policy Commons · 2 July 2024 English

There is a longstanding debate — for centuries in fact — as to whether you should consider only your national (or regional) interest, or whether you should think in cosmopolitan …


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