In physics, radiation is the emission or transmission of energy in the form of waves or particles through space or through a material medium. This includes: electromagnetic radiation, such as radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, x-rays, and gamma radiation (γ) particle radiation, such as alpha radiation (α), beta radiation (β),proton radiation and neutron radiation (particles of non-zero rest energy) acoustic radiation, such as ultrasound, sound, and seismic waves (dependent on a physical transmission medium) gravitational radiation, radiation that takes the form of gravitational waves, or ripples in the curvature of spacetime.Radiation is often categorized as either ionizing or …



CAPS: Centre for Air Power Studies · 1 December 2023 English

Of course, the yield of the warhead, height of detonation, weather, geographical conditions, the time of day or night when the detonation takes place, the amount of material available at …

will generate immense heat, firestorms, thermal radiation, blast overpressure, and immediate as well as would be bathed in a more than lethal dose of radiation, with a worst-case scenario seeing most of the shorter growing seasons and more ultraviolet radiation from ozone loss would all reduce or eliminate require providing assistance in areas of residual radiation. Requisite training of an adequate number of responders

WHO: World Health Organization · 1 December 2023 English

or older) were exposed to solar ultraviolet radiation while working outdoors in 2019, equiva- lent

IRENA: International Renewable Energy Agency · 29 November 2023 English

renewable energy, weather

primarily driven by the dynamic forces of solar radiation, wind and water, has surged to the forefront of terms of wind speed at different heights or solar radiation. 16 An average annual change of this magnitude region. Base data Downward solar irradiance (radiation within a wavelength interval 0.2–4.0 μm) from

CCA: Council of Canadian Academies · 28 November 2023 English

Quantum Potential Expert Panel on the Responsible Adoption of Quantum Technologies Quantum Potential Expert Panel on the Responsible Adoption of Quantum Technologies COUNCIL OF CANADIAN ACADEMIES 180 Elgin Street, Suite …

or ultraviolet light, or employing corpuscular radiation, e.g. quantum communication”; H01L to “Semiconductor

RAND Corporation · 28 November 2023 English

This report details the theoretical motivation and design of a wargame meant to address the lack of serious games that consider nuclear weapon employment and tools available to teach stakeholders …

effects—blast, thermal pulse, and so-called prompt radiation—are felt for a given level of damage. The disadvantage area—and, in general, produces minimal long-lasting radiation-nuclear fallout, the creation of which requires like this would be via the high-energy prompt radiation that could penetrate armored hulls and reach the doses (above about 200 rem10) would almost cause radiation sickness but not render the personnel incapable would offer virtually no protection from prompt radiation, but heavier armor would attenuate it; the extent

IRENA: International Renewable Energy Agency · 24 November 2023 English

Renewable energy

Accessibility for (min 1 year) and flow radiation databases; radiation databases; residues for at least (minimum

CIGS: Canon Institute for Global Studies · 22 November 2023 English

By looking into the changes in the Middle East, especially in the Persian Gulf region as a major oil and gas producing area that is expected to be significantly affected …

generally flat landscape and plentiful solar radiation make them an ideal place for solar photovoltaic

ISGlobal: Instituto de Salud Global de Barcelona · 22 November 2023 English

International Global Health Partnership Forum PROGRAMME 28 November 2023 9:00 AM – 2:15 PM CosmoCaixa Barcelona 9:00 – 9:15 AM Inaugural Ceremony o HRH the Infanta Cristina of Spain, Director …

Elisabeth Cardis, Research Professor, Head of the Radiation Group, ISGlobal. o Ivana Cvijanovic, Assistant

Chatham House · 22 November 2023 English

Humanity faces a deepening ‘land crunch’ in the coming decades, as on current trends the demand for land for farming, climate change mitigation and other essential uses will increasingly exceed …

Box 7 Other geoengineering solutions? Solar radiation modification 65 Box 8 Growing interest in nature-based

RAND Corporation · 21 November 2023 English

This report summarizes the conclusions of RAND discussions that reexamined tabletop exercises and analysis from the past eight years. This review assisted in understanding the nature of and reasons for …

effective when scenarios included a long-range anti-radiation missile for the F-35, an initiative that was notional

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