Venture Capital

Venture capital (VC) is a form of private equity financing that is provided by venture capital firms or funds to startups, early-stage, and emerging companies that have been deemed to have high growth potential or which have demonstrated high growth (in terms of number of employees, annual revenue, scale of operations, etc). Venture capital firms or funds invest in these early-stage companies in exchange for equity, or an ownership stake. Venture capitalists take on the risk of financing risky start-ups in the hopes that some of the firms they support will become successful. Because startups face high uncertainty, VC investments …

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Publications

Productivity in the Time of COVID-19 : Evidence from East Asia and …

World Bank Group · 26 April 2021 English

Firms in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region have been hit hard by the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic, with dramatic and widespread falls in sales and employment. Firm sales in …

include the following: • Strengthening venture capital and early-stage finance market development


Productivity in the Time of COVID-19 : Evidence from East Asia and …

World Bank Group · 26 April 2021 English

Firms in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region have been hit hard by the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic, with dramatic and widespread falls in sales and employment. Firm sales in …

closures and unemployment will • Strengthening venture capital and early-stage finance market


Opening up Military Innovation: Causal Effects of ‘Bottom-Up’ Reforms to U.S. Defense …

NBER · 22 April 2021 English

evaluation of a defense R&D program, we show that winning an Open award increases future venture capital investment, non-SBIR defense contracting, and patenting. Conventional awards have no effect on

that winning an Open award increases future venture capital investment, non-SBIR defense contracting, SBIR contract on two main outcomes: Future venture capital (VC) funding and non-SBIR DoD contracts. These winning a Phase 2 award are in Appendix E. 5.1 Venture Capital (VC) Investment We first examine the effect impact of venture capital: Evidence from public companies,” 2015. and , “Squaring venture capital valuations


Innovation and Human Capital Policy

NBER · 22 April 2021 English

If innovation is to be subsidized, a natural place to start is to increase the quantity and quality of human capital. Innovation, after all, begins with people. Simply stimulating the …

probability that a firm will receive subsequent venture capital funding, and that receipt of an SBIR grant


Principles for Effective Insolvency and Creditor/Debtor Regimes, 2021 Edition

World Bank Group · 22 April 2021 English

Effective creditor and debtor rights and insolvency systems are an important element of financial system stability. The World Bank Group accordingly has been working with partner organizations to develop principles …

the promotion of entrepreneurship and venture capital—fundamentals all positive for private sector


Principles for Effective Insolvency and Creditor/Debtor Regimes, 2021 Edition

World Bank Group · 22 April 2021 English

Effective creditor and debtor rights and insolvency systems are an important element of financial system stability. The World Bank Group accordingly has been working with partner organizations to develop principles …

and the promotion of entrepreneurship and venture capital—fundamentals all positive for private sector


Discount Rate Risk in Private Equity: Evidence from Secondary Market Transactions

NBER · 15 April 2021 English

Standard measures of private equity performance based on cash flows overlook discount rate risk. An index constructed from prices paid in secondary market transactions indicates that private equity discount rates …

hypothesis that (4) is zero for a sample of venture capital funds using an SDF that is a negative function Korteweg and Nagel (2016) report the GPME for venture capital funds of pre-1998 vintage to be 0.423 and Cochrane, John H., 2005, The risk and return of venture capital, Journal of Financial Economics 75, 1, 3- 52


Diversity and Performance in Entrepreneurial Teams

NBER · 15 April 2021 English

We study the role of diversity and performance in the entrepreneurial teams. We exploit a unique dataset of MBA students who participated in a required course to propose and start …

venture partners have as the instrument for venture capital firm gender diversity, the authors find gender gender diversity causally improves venture capital firm’s investment performance. Exploiting the random and many raised external funding including venture capital. 3 We only look at gender ties because students in our sample, over 30% of them work in venture capital or technology related areas after graduation4 heavily represented in the entrepreneurial and venture capital eco-system. The propensity to match is highest


Building a wall of denial against gray-zone aggression

AEI · 12 April 2021 English

This report outlines a whole-of-society model for deterrence by denial and proposes measures governments could take or coordinate to incentivize businesses and the wider population to help keep their countries …

the subversive actors. The same is true for venture capital (VC) invest- ments. While US legislation now


Financing the World’s Solar Future: the Need for a Solar finance Corporation

ORF · 11 April 2021 English

Global investments in renewable energy are increasing at an exponential rate. At the start of the century, between 2000 and 2009, this sector drew total investments of US$ 2.6 trillion.1 …

involved at different stages—for example, venture capital firms are focused on the early stages of


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