Vinyl Chloride Monomer

Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H2C=CHCl that is also called vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) or chloroethene. This colorless compound is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride (PVC). About 13 billion kilograms are produced annually. VCM is among the top twenty largest petrochemicals (petroleum-derived chemicals) in world production. The United States currently remains the largest VCM manufacturing region because of its low-production-cost position in chlorine and ethylene raw materials. China is also a large manufacturer and one of the largest consumers of VCM. Vinyl chloride is a gas with a sweet odor. …

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Limits on exposure to carcinogens and mutagens at work: Fourth proposal

EPRS · 29 October 2020 English

The European Commission has proposed to amend Directive 2004/37/EC, by expanding its scope and by including and/or revising occupational exposure limit values for a number of cancer- or mutation-causing chemical …

respirable crystalline silica dust, benzene, vinyl chloride monomer, ethylene oxide, 1,2-epoxypropane, trichloroethylene


Second study to collect updated information for a limited number of chemical …

EU · 18 September 2019 English

This study assesses the impacts of the establishment of Occupational Exposure Limit Values (OELVs) and/or Biological Limit Values (BLVs) for a number of substances. These include OELVs for trichloroethylene, 1,2-dichloroethane, …

acid TWA Time weighted average VCM Vinyl chloride monomer CMD OELVs 2 RPA & partners|xi CMD for three chemical agents (benzene, vinyl chloride monomer and hardwood dusts). In May 2016, the and fluorinated compounds, primarily of vinyl chloride monomer. The manufacture of EDC and its use as concentration Chemicals industry (both vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) and non- VCM related) 2,300 VCM


Global Mercury Assessment Technical Background Report

UNEP · 9 September 2019 English

The Technical Background Report to the Global Mercury Assessment 2018 was produced by an international team of experts convened through a collaboration between UN Environment and the Arctic Monitoring and …

Section A3.6. A3.5.10 Methodology: Vinyl chloride monomer production with mercury- dichloride (HgCl2) processes are used in the manufacture of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM): the acetylene process that uses refining A3.6.16 Chlor-alkali industry A3.6.17 Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) production and recycling of mercury


Limits on exposure to carcinogens and mutagens at work: Third proposal

EPRS · 30 August 2019 English

The European Commission has proposed to amend Directive 2004/37/EC by expanding its scope and by including and/or revising occupational exposure limit values for a number of cancer- or mutation-causing substances. …

respirable crystalline silica dust, benzene, vinyl chloride monomer, ethylene oxide, 1,2-epoxypropane, acrylamide


Limits on exposure to carcinogens and mutagens at work: Second proposal

EPRS · 15 March 2019 English

The European Commission has proposed to amend Directive 2004/37/EC, by expanding its scope and by including and/or revising occupational exposure limit values for a number of cancer- or mutation-causing chemical …

exposure to hardwood dusts. 6 For benzene, vinyl chloride monomer and hardwood dusts. https://eur-lex.europa


Global Linkages- A graphic look at the changing Arctic

UNEP · 13 March 2019 English

The new report “Global Linkages – A graphic look at the changing Arctic”, produced by UN Environment and its collaborating center GRID-Arendal, is a set of maps and graphics, accompanied …

and small-scale gold mining Batteries Vinyl chloride monomer Major areas of mercury emissions into


Global Mercury Assessment 2018

UNEP · 4 March 2019 English

This update to the Global Mercury Assessment 2013 provides the most recent information available for the worldwide emissions to air, releases to water, and transport of mercury in atmospheric and …

mercury emitt ed during production of vinyl chloride monomer, a raw material for PVC-plastics. Additional content in oil from diff erent countries Vinyl-chloride monomer production Quantifi ed for the fi rst steel production * 10.1 (7.65-18.1) 0.46 Vinyl-chloride monomer (mercury catalyst) * 58.2 (28.0-88.8) 2 aquatic systems also not assessed here are vinyl-chloride monomer production, aluminium fl uoride production


Carcinogenicity. Volume II, Summary reviews of the scientific evidence.

EU · 29 November 2018 English

Trichloroethene 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol 121 Vinyl chloride monomer 127 Chloroethene Chemical structures


Reducing mercury use in artisanal gold mining: A practical guide

UNEP · 10 August 2018 English

Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is an important development opportunity which can contribute directly to poverty alleviation and regional development. Although social and environmental problems are common in this …

Mercury production, 0.5% ASGM 24% Vinyl Chloride Monomer 21% Chlorine production 15% Batteries


Exploring the potential for adopting alternative materials to reduce marine plastic litter

UNEP · 5 June 2018 English

This report aims to provide representative examples of some of the many alternative materials that are either available commercially, or are in development. It is intended to encourage entrepreneurs, ‘startups’ …

number of conditions in workers exposed to vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) such as genotoxicity, liver cancer


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