Vitamins

A vitamin is an organic molecule (or a set of molecules closely related chemically, i.e. vitamers) that is an essential micronutrient which an organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its metabolism. Essential nutrients cannot be synthesized in the organism, either at all or not in sufficient quantities, and therefore must be obtained through the diet. Vitamin C can be synthesized by some species but not by others; it is not a vitamin in the first instance but is in the second. The term vitamin does not include the three other groups of essential nutrients: minerals, essential …

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How Americans Navigated the News in 2020: A Tumultuous Year in Review

Pew Research Center · 22 February 2021 English

Americans inhabited different information environments, with wide gaps in how they viewed the election and COVID-19.

cured with certain supplements, minerals and vitamins” “That the vaccine will be ready in a few months “cured with certain supplements, minerals and vitamins,” and others that were perceived by respondents


Cost Benefit Analysis of Improving Neonatal and Maternal Health Outcomes in Malawi

AFIDEP · 8 February 2021 English

While notable progress has been made in Malawi’s efforts to meet the Millennium Development Goals surrounding child health and child survival, progress in curbing neonatal and maternal mortality and morbidity …

tablets contain iron and folic acid along with other vitamins, so this interventions expands the varieties of inadequate levels of other key micronutrients, such as vitamins A and B12. Although the country has made considerable


Are Behavioral Change Interventions Needed to Make Cash Transfer Programs Work for …

NBER · 4 February 2021 English

We experimentally evaluate the impact on child malnutrition of a maternal cash transfer program in Myanmar that was supplemented with Social Behavior Change Communication (SBCC) in a subset of villages. …

nutritional value of vegetables and fruits is the vitamins (including vitamin A) and minerals (Gilbert, 2013)


Microbial safety of lipid-based ready-to-use foods for management of moderate acute malnutrition …

FAO · 2021 English

Lipid-based ready-to-use foods (RUFs) for the nutritional management of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) are provided to children from 6 months to 59 months of age …

products, sugar, oil and a pre-mix containing vitamins and minerals. The RUF manufacturing process involves products, sugar, oil and a pre-mix containing vitamins and minerals. They can also include legumes such


Digital adaptation kit for antenatal care: operational requirements for implementing WHO recommendations …

WHO · 2021 English

Excel spreadsheet

provides some relief for nausea during pregnancy – Vitamins C and E supplement: Vitamin C is important for


WHO guideline on the dairy protein content in ready-to-use therapeutic foods for …

WHO · 2021 English

xi, 53 p.

energy content and adequate amounts of protein, vitamins and minerals, such as RUTF. First developed micronutrients to provide a complete complement of vitamins and minerals. The choice of food ingredients amino acids and/or different amounts of added vitamins and minerals. These formulations do not comply 20–28% 18.5g–26 g 6% Packaging materials   6% Vitamins and minerals 2.5% 2.3 g 6% Soy or canola oil


Boosting Koronivia in the livestock sector

FAO · 2021 English

The following meeting report "Boosting Koronivia in the livestock sector" is part of a webinar series and is related to the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture (KJWA) topic 2(e) Improved …

nutrition with high-quality proteins, minerals, vitamins and micronutrients and remains an important livelihood


COVID-19 clinical management: living guidance, 25 January 2021: web annex

WHO · 2021 English

21 p.

described self care in the form of supplements, vitamins, medications, therapeutic massage, etc. “I


Fish waste management

FAO · 2021 English

A significant amount of fish by-products is produced during fish processing. These by-products represent 20–80 percent of the fish and provide a good source of macro- and micronutrients. Yet they …

micronutrients such as vitamin A, vitamin D, several B vitamins, and minerals like iron, zinc, selenium and iodine


Food systems and nutrition

FAO · 2021 English

Parliamentarians are agents of change, and their role is critical to ensure a world where all people are eating healthy diets from sustainable, inclusive, and resilient agri-food systems. Members of …

of oral rehydration solution or drops/syrups of vitamins, minerals or medicines. The World Health Organization dietary fibre) and essential micronutrients (vitamins, minerals and trace elements) specific to the healthy, 1) it should meet daily needs of energy, vitamins and minerals, but energy intake should not exceed micronutrient deficiencies (a lack of important vitamins and minerals) or micronutrient excess; 3) overweight intake, absorption or use of one 9 or more vitamins or minerals. Excessive intake of some micronutrients


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