cover image: Indian and Chinese Approaches to United Nations Peacekeeping in Africa


Indian and Chinese Approaches to United Nations Peacekeeping in Africa

22 Apr 2024

Second, India sought to reconcile the divergent positions of the two Superpower blocs in the Council.6 Moreover, India proposed the formation of the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission (NNRC) and later sent 6,000 soldiers to form the Custodian Force India (CFI) to supervise and settle the repatriation of prisoners of war (POWs) during the post-conflict years in 1953. [...] 16 | RAJEESH KUMAR In Somalia, India contributed one Infantry Brigade and also deployed the Indian Navy consisting of six ships for delivery of humanitarian assistance.8 In Rwanda, the Indian contingent was responsible for the safety and security of the UN offices and was also instrumental in the management of detainee camps and coordinated the humanitarian assistance operations.9 Another mileston. [...] This was evident in former UN Secretary- General Kofi Annan words: “At the United Nations, we are currently in the process of implementing the recommendations of the Brahimi Report, a report which I commissioned and which attempts to address some of the most urgent needs of our peacekeeping department, and to present a vision of peacekeeping that aims to meet the challenges of the new century…Indi. [...] With respect to the maintenance of international peace and security, the Security Council, General Assembly, and the Secretary-General of the UN should fulfill their responsibilities in accordance with the Charter. [...] It clarified that China “cherishes and supports the role of the United Nations in keeping international peace and security under the guidance of the principles of the Charter of the United Nations.”28 This dual move by China in 1988 showcased a newfound willingness to engage in multilateral efforts under the UN’s auspices, which contrasted with its previous more cautious approach.
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