Musa, Aden & Horst - Leveraging Local Elections to Advance Somalia_s Transition to a Multiparty Democratic System, PRIO Policy Brief 02-
17 February 2023
As democratization in Africa is closely linked to the conditionalities of international financial institutions such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) (Faure & Lane, 1996: 34), the pressure has increased on Somalia to transition from the indirect electoral system to a direct multiparty election system. [...] the state level but also to trust-building in the The federal leaders frequently use the state ap- Holding District- and Federal Member federal election process. [...] For ex- ment, the opposition considered it an organi- would be more achievable to initiate the transi- ample, the highly political and technical issues zation whose leadership and operations were tion at the level of the federal member states. [...] The electoral commission, federal government of Somalia make holding the constitutional court, and the security agen- a direct election by 2026 a top priority and Elmi, Afyare (2021) The Politics of the Electoral Sys- cies responsible for elections are among the initiate the process earlier. [...] These include the reluctance tion of elections (district, parliamentary of leaders to hold elections or the manipulation and presidential) at the level of the federal Acknowledgements of the election process in service of leaders’ member states, so that political and technical political interests.