Towards better science: More innovative and robust academic research F
28 July 2023
In 2005, John Ioannidis published ‘Why Most Published Research Findings Are False’.16 The term ‘replication crisis’ was coined in the 2010s as part of a growing awareness of the problem.17 At first glance, the goal of producing replicable research is in tension with the goal of increasing the rate of innovation in science. [...] Accordingly, there is already a lot of good work being carried out from within government (such as UK Research and Innovation’s (UKRI) Open Research policy and the establishment of the UK Committee on Research Integrity)24 and by scientists (such as the UK Reproducibility Network and the Center for Open Science25), and through independent scrutiny (such as the House of Commons Science and Technolo. [...] A toolbox of funding mechanisms is needed to ensure the right mix of ideas thrive.”30 .”31 There are already many instances of innovation, such as the Natural Environment Research Council awarding funding for its Exploring the Frontiers of Environmental Science scheme by lottery within scoring bands,32 the National Institute for Health and Care Research’s FAST funding scheme, 33 the establishment. [...] The European Research Council and Marie Skłodowska Curie Actions grants made up more than half of the person-based funding in the UK,39 and it is encouraging that the government's alternative to Horizon Association would aim to recreate these fellowships. [...] Diversifying UKRI funding mechanisms would supplement the diversification of research institutions such as the creation of the Advanced Research and Innovation Agency and Focused Research Organisations.43 Establish the National Institute for Scientific Replicability This organisation, originally proposed by Stuart Buck,44 would be tasked with ‘red- teaming' science – mimicking the practice from cy.