Nordic cycling policy : National objectives, mechanisms, and actors in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden
Coherent Identifier 20.500.12592/h1895h1

Nordic cycling policy : National objectives, mechanisms, and actors in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden

28 November 2023

Summary

This paper reviews how Nordic countries are working to improving cycling via policy and planning. It takes a national-level approach to review cycling objectives in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden, reviews a range of mechanisms to achieve these objectives, and identifies the key actors responsible for carrying out the work. In the discussion section, the paper identifies several findings from the review work with regards to how the Nordic countries are currently addressing cycling at the policy level:  Cycling is primarily discussed as a means for contributing to environmental goals, such as GHG emission reductions, but is occasionally discussed as a means for improving health and well-being. Much less policy discourse focuses on economic or other social benefits of cycling.  The primary method for reducing GHG emissions in the transportation sector focuses on replacing fossil fuel cars with electric-powered vehicles rather than on cycling infrastructure or spatial forms that decrease overall mobility requirements.  The Nordic countries have some distinctions with regards to how spatial planning is operationalised, which influences how cycling is prioritised and managed. Beyond a dedicated cycling strategy, cycling objectives are often baked into other key plans and documents at the national level. Achieving national cycling objectives requires clear communication among local, regional, and national actors and across ministries, agencies, and departments, which is often a challenge.  Political turnover can be a hindrance to gaining support for long-term cycling projects.  There are many different indicators and ways to measure success for cycling objectives in the Nordic countries.  The paper also highlights some of the developments taking place at the UN and EU levels, making cycling and its potential for improving cities and regions more visible across international policy.

ISBN
978-91-8001-086-3 (electronic)
OAI
oai:DiVA.org:norden-13009
Project
Nordic Cycling Power Network
Responsible organisation
Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio
Series
Nordregio Working Paper, ISSN 1403-2511 ; 2023:08
URN
urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-13009
Year
2023
pages
88
DOI
https://doi.org/10.6027/WP2023:81403-2511
Published in
Denmark

Creators/Authors

Tags

sustainable development urban planning finland denmark norway social sciences sweden transport nordic nordic climate solutions countries and regions cycling policy

Topics