The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, retained by Earth's gravity, surrounding the planet Earth and forming its planetary atmosphere. The atmosphere of Earth protects life on Earth by creating pressure allowing for liquid water to exist on the Earth's surface, absorbing ultraviolet solar radiation, warming the surface through heat retention (greenhouse effect), and reducing temperature extremes between day and night (the diurnal temperature variation). By volume, dry air contains 78.09% nitrogen, 20.95% oxygen, 0.93% argon, 0.04% carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases. Air also contains a variable amount of water vapor, …



UNEP: United Nations Environment Programme · 8 December 2023

Air pollution is the largest environmental risk to public health globally. While progress has been made to tackle the air pollution crisis, it is uneven. Capacity and financing gaps hold countries back back from making further gains. National air pollution management agencies consistently identify a lack of resources as a significant barrier to taking action on air pollution.

WRI: World Resources Institute · 6 December 2023 English

This report systematizes the implementation process, challenges, learnings, and results of complete street interventions in eight cities from different regions of Brazil.

degraded regions of historical value and harmed the air quality of populated areas (ITDP Brasil and EMBARQ obesity, asthma, diabetes, etc. Environmental Quality Air quality; water quality Urban heat island; energy

Theos Think Tank · 27 November 2023 English

Of particular relevance to the themes of this report, it finds that the interplay of grief and hope in this theology holds space for the many complex emotions people feel …

Believers would raise the bodies of martyrs in the air and parade them through the streets like trophies out of congregations themselves, who place thin air, nor are they maintained out of habit, but are the

Climate Transparency · 27 November 2023 English

The G20 countries need to accelerate climate action with higher ambition, stronger implementation, and deeper cooperation. This Call gives an overview on the consumption, production as well as expansion plans …

coal-to- liquids emissions (13%) while improving urban air quality, but electricity supply shortages and tax

IEA: International Energy Agency · 24 November 2023 English

The global oil and gas industry encompasses a large and diverse range of players: from small, specialised operators to huge national oil companies. These producers face pivotal choices about their …

capacity in operation around the world. CCUS and direct air capture are important technologies for achieving by 2050, including 23 billion tonnes via direct air capture to limit the temperature rise to 1.5 °C. power systems in the case of gas, or long-distance air travel in the case of oil. The position of oil and within the energy sector through the use of direct air capture with CCUS (DACS) and bioenergy with CCUS

IRENA: International Renewable Energy Agency · 24 November 2023 English

Renewable energy

radio printer Space heating and cooling Fan Air cooler Air conditioner, space heater Refrigeration Refrigerator

SMF: Social Market Foundation · 23 November 2023 English

One of the criticisms of CERT is that, owing to the broad eligibility of the scheme, many homeowners who arguably could have afforded to adopt some of the measures without …

will have a positive effect on carbon emissions and air pollution, but the benefits stretch much further

CSE: Centre for Science and Environment · 23 November 2023

reasons for the delay in the installation of FGD by coal thermal power plants. [...] Given the degrading air quality in Delhi and NCR, the Ministry need to prioritize implementation of the norms in the NCR irrespective

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