A cartel is a group of independent market participants who collude with each other in order to improve their profits and dominate the market. Cartels are usually associations in the same sphere of business, and thus an alliance of rivals. Most jurisdictions consider it anti-competitive behavior. Cartel behavior includes price fixing, bid rigging, and reductions in output. The doctrine in economics that analyzes cartels is cartel theory. Cartels are distinguished from other forms of collusion or anti-competitive organization such as corporate mergers.

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Fraser Institute · 19 May 2022

First Nations have entered the gaming industry to the extent allowed by the provinces, whose gaming cartels generally keep First Nations out of the more profitable metropolitan markets. Amendments to the Criminal

IEP · 17 May 2022 English

HOMICIDE weights adjust the scores based on the distribution of crimes, the relative social impact of the offense, and the The number of victims of intentional homicide per degree to …

violent territorial expansion of certain larger cartels, measure of global peacefulness, produced by IEP countries deteriorate to ongoing conflicts between cartels. Gun violence in peacefulness much faster than violent territorial expansion of certain larger cartels, next highest year on record. proliferation of homicide rates were home to ongoing conflicts between cartels. Fatalities • Violence against police officers caused by organized armed groups such as drug cartels, while Zacatecas. For example, in the municipality

NORC · 17 May 2022 English

[HALF SAMPLE ASKED “LEGALLY”, HALF SAMPLE ASKED “ILLEGALLY”] When immigrants come legally to the United States, how much of a benefit is each of the following? [GRID ITEMS RANDOMIZED] Not …

Violence caused by gangs, - militias, or drug cartels 69 24 7 1 Religious persecution 40 40 19 * 1 N=4 30 23 26 20 8 12 * 1 gangs, militias, or drug cartels Religious 50 27 22 31 19 9 9 * 1 persecution N=4

IEP · 17 May 2022 Spanish

2020, el indicador de delitos con violencia fue uno de Como reflejo de la gran divergencia en los niveles los más impactados por las restricciones impuestas a de violencia en …

major-port-2021-10; Agren, D. (2016). ‘“The only two powerful cartels Seguridad Pública (ENVIPE). Consultado el 18 de; Goodwin, Z. (2020). ‘Why Encuesta Nacional de Victimización y Percepción sobre cartels/. Seguridad Pública (ENVIPE). Consultado el 18 port’. Business Insider. 3 ‘Tracking Mexico's Cartels in 2021’. (2021). RANE. Consultado el 18 de Consultado cos-powerful-jalisco-cartel-controls- mexicos-cartels-2021. major-port-2021-10; ‘Así quedó el mapa del

Wilson Center Canada · 16 May 2022 English

However, in the long run, the experience may encourage governments and companies to make supply chains more local to mitigate the disruption to manufacturing caused by contagious diseases, especially as …

and is then trafficked into the U.S. by Mexican cartels.62 For many years, China was reluctant to do anything

IEP · 11 May 2022 English

The GTI assesses four measures, the number of attacks, deaths, The primary driver of this reduction in 2021 has been a fall in wounded and hostages, using a 5 year …

year Laos has not recorded criminal activity by cartels is not included as terrorism in this a terrorist

NITI Aayog · 10 May 2022 English

The dilemma before the new team of National Mission for Clean Ganga was not just the enormity of the task, but also having to bear the scar of past failures. …

agreements, licences of intellectual property rights, cartels, joint ventures, and mergers. The book assimilates

Cato Institute · 6 May 2022

about the possibility of launching missiles into Mexico to “destroy the drug labs” and wipe out the cartels. Trump considered such a drastic step to be justified because Mexican leaders “are not in charge

UNU WIDER · 26 April 2022 English

WIDER Working Paper 2022/42-Anticompetitive practices on public procurement: Evidence from Brazilian electronic biddings

sense SDE considers ‘collusion between bidders’ or cartels in bidding as the most common forms of anticompetitive bidding and infringing companies. The bidding cartels substantially harm the efforts of the Brazilian auctions, this does not totally impede the actions of cartels which result in the undue transfer of income from Albano et al. (2006), the emergence of ‘bidding cartels’ in acquisitions, i.e. collusive agreements in similar to those that govern the formation of cartels in oligopolistic markets. The electronic bidding

C.D. Howe Institute · 21 April 2022 English

Howe Institute Competition Policy Scholar, in his paper, Examining the Canadian Competition Act in the Digital Era and the February 8, 2022, submission of the Competition Bureau (“the Bureau”) to …

including mergers, competitor collaborations, cartels, vertical restraints, abuse of dominance and deceptive

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