A cartel is a group of independent market participants who collude with each other in order to improve their profits and dominate the market. Cartels are usually associations in the same sphere of business, and thus an alliance of rivals. Most jurisdictions consider it anti-competitive behavior. Cartel behavior includes price fixing, bid rigging, and reductions in output. The doctrine in economics that analyzes cartels is cartel theory. Cartels are distinguished from other forms of collusion or anti-competitive organization such as corporate mergers.



RAND Corporation · 10 June 2024 English

The authors used a brainstorming activity to identify three ideal future states for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS). For each future state, the authors discuss why DHS leadership …

trafficking, where it has been applied to overcome the cartels’ digital encryption tactics, identify network

PCNS: Policy Center for the New South · 4 June 2024 English

and of the intensity and Policy Brief - N° 29/24 - June 2024 6 violence of the war on the drug cartels, opted to build with the two main opposition parties, the PRD and the PAN, a national alliance, a

reform of the judicial system and confronted drug cartels by launching a large national security operation 50,000 people were victims of the war on drug cartels launched by the president. Brutal images of massacres massacres made the headlines constantly, as cartels were fighting each other as well as government forces - June 2024 6 violence of the war on the drug cartels, opted to build with the two main opposition parties although it indicated that the fight against the drug cartels was inevitably going to be long, violent, and messy

Cato Institute · 3 June 2024 English

On Sunday, 58 percent of Mexican voters elected left- winger Claudia Sheinbaum as president. A former head of government of Mexico City and a close ally of the current president, …

demilitarize Mexico, where the army has fought the drug cartels since 2006. Once in office, however, AMLO not only over 180,000 homicides, a record in modern times. Cartels control a third of the country. Beyond the drug

World Bank Group · 28 May 2024 English

This technical background paper explores the effectiveness of competition policy enforcement in the digital markets in Africa along several dimensions, including anticompetitive agreements, abuse of dominance, merger control, as well …

competitiveness of value chains.62 The effects of cartels are especially pervasive in developing economies literature based on a selected number of hardcore cartels in developing economies between 1995 and 2013 showing competition authority in place.68 cartels. Therefore, their detection and sanction are paramount Suslow, Oswald (2003) International Price-Fixing Cartels and Developing Countries: A Discussion of Effects

CEIP: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace · 28 May 2024 English

Mexico’s cyber policy has suffered from a lack of political prioritization during the presidency of Andrés Manuel López Obrador. Without greater interest from his successor, there are few prospects for …

“Massive Leak of Military Docs Reveals Mexico Armed Cartels, Surveiled Journalists and Zapatistas,” Democracy

World Bank Group · 28 May 2024 English

This technical background paper provides insights on entry points for competition authorities in Africa to increase competition advocacy activities to improve the conditions of competition in digital markets and digital …

leniency program. As a result, several additional cartels among bakeries and flour mills that affected almost

27 May 2024 English

This report examines the annual fiscal impact of illegal aliens on at both the federal and state levels. FAIR used the most recent data available and accounted for new programs …

HSI is also responsible for investigating the cartels that smuggle narcotics and people into the United

EPRS: European Parliamentary Research Service · 23 May 2024 English

Mexico, the world's most populous Spanish-speaking country, will hold its largest ever elections on 2 June 2024. Almost 98 million voters will pick a new president, all 500 members of …

intervene militarily in Mexico to combat drug cartels. Economy: Mexico, a beneficiary of geopolitical major conflicts in Mexico (involving gang drug cartels) have reached such an extent that they are assessed

PECC: Pacific Economic Cooperation Council · 23 May 2024 English

41 2 Summary and main messages This Policy Brief is focused on the discussion of the state of good regulatory practice for services in APEC at present, and the challenges …

collusion exists, such as participation in pricing cartels.28 ⮚ Cross-border data flow restrictions and regulation: Capobianco, Digital Cartels & Algorithms, 2019, t-trends.pdf

IRENA: International Renewable Energy Agency · 21 May 2024 French

Energías renovables

l'exportation à l'exportation, licences, etc. 4 Cartels miniers Coordination de la production, tarification pourrait potentiellement conduire à la formation de cartels de matières premières. Or, par le passé, les tentatives tentatives de création de ce type de cartels ont le plus souvent échoué, ce qui a eu un effet dissuasif extérieurs instabilité ressource nationalismeminéraux cartels miniers recsrépaotionns daeb valeleur Lithium Carbone l'exportation (prohibitions d'exportation, etc.), les cartels de minéraux (coordination de la production, etc

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