Female Circumcision

Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia. The practice is found in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, and within communities from countries in which FGM is common. UNICEF estimated in 2016 that 200 million women living today in 30 countries—27 African countries, Indonesia, Iraqi Kurdistan and Yemen—have undergone the procedures.Typically carried out by a traditional circumciser using a blade, FGM is conducted from days after birth to puberty and beyond. In half of the countries for which national …

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NIJC · 16 December 2021 English

told a coworker about the abuse and was urged to flee to the United States in order to escape the relationship. [...] and her family fled to the United States …

group, which include fertility rituals, female circumcision, and the worship of idols. Because of their husband submit their daughter, K., to them for female circumcision. When they refused, the elders began threatening


NIJC · 16 December 2021 English

told a coworker about the abuse and was urged to flee to the United States in order to escape the relationship. [...] and her family fled to the United States …

group, which include fertility rituals, female circumcision, and the worship of idols. Because of their husband submit their daughter, K., to them for female circumcision. When they refused, the elders began threatening


NIJC · 16 December 2021 English

told a coworker about the abuse and was urged to flee to the United States in order to escape the relationship. [...] and her family fled to the United States …

group, which include fertility rituals, female circumcision, and the worship of idols. Because of their husband submit their daughter, K., to them for female circumcision. When they refused, the elders began threatening


WHO · 1 November 2021 English

Press; 2018. 3. Shell-Duncan B, Hernlund Y. Female “circumcision” in Africa: culture, controversy, and change


EFSAS · 29 October 2021 English

Scholar of Islam Islamisation through the education their activities and make decisions in complete the head of the spider, the Brotherhood Elham Manea distinguishes between two main system, the mosque …

(75) Yusuf Al-Qaradawi: ‘Islamic Ruling on Female Circumcision’, IslamOnline, accessed 20 November 2017 Ireland is the nation vision in defence of female circumcision, and lic organizational statute to the MB’s gnus-Norrell.pdf. (194) Armstrong, K., ‘Female circumcision “should be allowed by law” - member of Ireland’s https://www.independent.ie/irish-news/news/female-circumcision-should-be-allowed-by-law-member-of-irela


World Bank Group · 28 October 2021 English

During protracted displacement, women and girls often face serious gender-specific challenges and vulnerabilities, including adverse norms and institutional barriers. Yet, quantitative evidence on gendered drivers and differentials during protracted displacement …


World Bank Group · 28 October 2021 English

Despite the many simultaneous deprivations faced by forcibly displaced communities, such as food insecurity, inadequate housing, or lack of access to education, there is little research on the level and …


World Bank Group · 15 October 2021 English

such as high rates of child marriage and female circumcision, general social acceptability of GBV, conflict



EASO · 16 September 2021 English

‘Refugee’, ‘risk’ and similar terminology are used as generic terminology and not in the legal sense as applied in the EU Asylum Acquis, the 1951 Refugee Convention and the 1967 …

herbalist and also as someone performing female circumcision and infibulation (Somali: gudniinka fircooniga)


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