A gang is a group or society of associates, friends or members of a family with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over territory in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior. Gangs arose in America by the middle of the nineteenth century and were a concern for city leaders from the time they appeared. Some members of criminal gangs are "jumped in" (by going through a process of initiation), or have to prove their loyalty and right to belong by committing certain acts, usually theft or …



UNODC: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime · 22 November 2023 English

15 Due to improvements in data coverage and statistical modelling, the estimated 2022 global rate of 1.2 female intimate partner/family- related homicides per 100,000 women is not directly comparable to …

homicides connected with armed conflict or with gangs, trafficking in persons and other forms of organized

GI-TOC: Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime · 22 November 2023 English

section 2 of this order on any foreign person Use of the counter-corruption and counter-crime sanctions determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, …

related thereto; regime recognized that criminal gangs and networks c. Acting for or on behalf of or at Prince, Haiti. In 2022, the UN recognized that gangs were the 31 regimes implemented since 1968 fall historical and conceptual analysis, 5 Summer Walker, Gangs of Haiti: Expansion, power and Memorandum, issued September 2012; 15 Daniel Drezner, The United State Department, Public 52 Clare Ribando Seelke, Gangs in Central America, Congressional designation of

SWP: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik · 20 November 2023

Inhaltsverzeichnis > Somalia > Äthiopien > Sudan > Sudan / Südsudan > Südsudan > Tschad > Mali / Sahel > Burkina Faso > Sahel / Westafrika > Sahel / Westafrika …

amola- Olapade.pdf 'Do not come out to vote' - Gangs, elections, political violence and criminality in

Joint Programming Initiative (JPI) Urban Europe · 17 November 2023

The research highlights the critical importance of housing and place in integration processes and the ways in which local residents can be empowered to work with those involved in the …

their discrimination experiences with non-white gangs in the neighbourhood whilst Asian and Black participants

CAHS: Canadian Academy of Health Sciences · 17 November 2023 French

La littérature a établi de manière irréfutable que la disponibilité d’armes à feu augmente le risque de suicide et qu’un accès restreint aux armes à feu diminue à la fois …

sur fond de contrebande d’armes et de guerre des gangs.  Le plus souvent, il s’agit de suicides commis

World Bank Group · 16 November 2023 English

South Africa's economic growth and development agenda and to present a harmonized approach for investing in priority areas for human capital formation. The policy note first presents an in-depth diagnostic …

physical violence, mainly perpetuated by local gangs, which is likely to have a lasting impact on their

Amnesty International · 15 November 2023 English

Despite Nigeria’s ratification of human rights treaties and commitments at international and regional level and accompanying obligations to respect, protect, promote and fulfil human rights, the country continues to face …

run-up to the elections. Party militias, criminal gangs, and other armed groups engaged in violence to

RSIS: S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies · 14 November 2023 English

interests and what are some possible implications of China’s response? COMMENTARY Transnational criminal gangs operating along the China-Myanmar border have targeted Chinese citizens and other nationals, including

cross-border trade has emboldened transnational criminal gangs on the China-Myanmar border. How do these transnational China’s response? COMMENTARY Transnational criminal gangs operating along the China-Myanmar border have targeted down big casinos in Laiza run by Chinese criminal gangs that cater specifically to Chinese gamblers who to prevent human trafficking by telecoms fraud gangs that target Chinese citizens. However, online gambling border-to-stop-human-trafficking-by-cybercrime-gangs/ar-AA1hkt6U

SWP: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik · 13 November 2023

SWP-Studie 2023/S 14, November 2023, 48 Seiten

verwirklicht wurde, gründete BRICS in Zusammen- gangs. Im Ergebnis wäre die von der ANC geführte arbeit

UNODC: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime · 13 November 2023 French

L’objectif de ce référentiel est d’aider à l’élaboration et à la formulation de stratégies nationales et régionales de lutte contre la criminalité organisée. À ce titre, il donne des orientations …

de la violence criminelle et de la violence des gangs. L’annexe s’articule donc autour de quatre piliers :

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