Geography (from Greek: γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and planets. The first person to use the word γεωγραφία was Eratosthenes (276–194 BC). Geography is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks an understanding of Earth and its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but also how they have changed and come to be. Geography is often defined in terms of two branches: human geography and physical geography. Human geography is concerned with the study of people and their communities, cultures, economies, …



ERIA: Economic Research Institute for ASEAN & East Asia · 18 June 2024 English

ERIA Discussion Paper 2024-14, No. 521

is having a profound impact on the country's geography and economy. The trend of urban agglomeration Haddad, E.A. and I.F. Araújo (2021), ‘The Internal Geography of Services Value‐Added in Exports: A Latin American Differences in US Cities’, Journal of Economic Geography, 2(4), pp.407–32. Tian, Y. (2020), ‘Mutualistic Specialisation in Trade’, Journal of Economic Geography, 19(1), pp.1–30. Van Biesebroeck, J. (2005), ‘Firm

CEP: Centre for Economic Performance · 17 June 2024 English

This briefing summarises the evidence about how leaving the European Union (EU) has affected UK trade. Overall, Brexit has had a negative effect on UK trade. But, so far, this …

important to remember that for international trade, geography is destiny. The UK’s proximity to the large consumer 2023. “The Effects of Leaving the EU on the Geography of UK Trade”, Economic Policy 38(116): 707-764

IRC: International Rescue Committee · 15 June 2024 English

In 2017, with funding from the Citi Foundation, the International Rescue Committee (IRC) began an ambitious, bold initiative entitled Resilient Futures. Designed to support the livelihoods and economic well-being of …

participants who were only temporarily in the geography of service delivery but had a different final

ADB: Asian Development Bank · 14 June 2024 English

This paper examines the evidence on inequality of opportunities or the component of inequality attributable to circumstances beyond a person’s control to help understand how socioeconomic inequalities persist over time.

2014. “Where Is the Land of Opportunity? The Geography of Intergenerational Mobility in the United States

UNHCR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees · 13 June 2024 English

The Global Trends report provides key statistical trends on forced displacement. It includes the latest official statistics on refugees, asylum-seekers, internally displaced and stateless people, as well as the number …

Organization for Migration (IOM) and UNHCR shows the geography and the typology of the protection risks that

EPRS: European Parliamentary Research Service · 13 June 2024 English

Academic freedom is a fundamental principle of any university and research system or institution, and is essential for a healthy democracy. The concept can be traced back to the birth …

of societies differently organized because of geography and historical heritage … To meet the needs of

World Bank Group · 13 June 2024

The paper builds a rich quantitative spatial model that includes many aspects of the economic geography of Amman. It studies the effects of new bus rapid transit lines that improve the connection of more

FPRI: Foreign Policy Research Institute · 13 June 2024 English

Indra Ekmanis: Hello, and welcome to Baltic Ways , a podcast bringing you interviews and insights from the world of Baltic studies. I'm your host Indra Ekmanis, and today we're …

public at large, through the lens of history, geography, and culture. Read more about FPRI » About Us

RAND Corporation · 13 June 2024 English

In an overview of the physical environment of the Baltic Sea, the naval forces within it, and the potential dynamics of the region in the event of conflict, the authors …

Background on the Baltic Sea Region Physical Geography and Operational Environment A map of the Baltic them). Partly, this reflects the Baltic Sea’s geography. These confined waters demand shallow-draft vessels matter of degrees over time and space.20 Russia’s geography obviously puts it at a severe dis- advantage if

World Bank Group · 13 June 2024 English

The paper builds a rich quantitative spatial model that includes many aspects of the economic geography of Amman. It studies the effects of new bus rapid transit lines that improve the connection of more

plus total rent paid for commercial floor space. Geography. We model 152 neighborhoods in the Greater Amman model that captured many aspects of the economic geography of Am- man, including households’ residential and the equilibrium. Model Setup and Utility Geography. Locations i and j are separated by bilateral

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