An ideology (/ˌʌɪdɪˈɒlədʒi/) is a set of beliefs or philosophies attributed to a person or group of persons, especially as held for reasons that are not purely epistemic, in which "practical elements are as prominent as theoretical ones." Formerly applied primarily to economic, political, or religious theories and policies, in a tradition going back to Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, more recent use treats the term as mainly condemnatory.The term was coined by Antoine Destutt de Tracy, a French Enlightenment aristocrat and philosopher, who conceived it in 1796 as the "science of ideas" to develop a rational system of ideas …



ADB: Asian Development Bank · 14 June 2024 English

This paper examines the evidence on inequality of opportunities or the component of inequality attributable to circumstances beyond a person’s control to help understand how socioeconomic inequalities persist over time.

(1): 73–99. Piketty, Thomas. 2020. Capital and Ideology. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

ORF: Observer Research Foundation · 13 June 2024 English

Introduction Launched in 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping’s flagship scheme, the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), also called the ‘New Silk Road’, seeks to rebuild the historical trade and infrastructural …

BRI MoU with Beijing. Lacking a clearly defined ideology, the MS5 movement was susceptible to policy being

ORF: Observer Research Foundation · 13 June 2024 English

The past half a decade has been tumultuous. A continuing global recovery from the pandemic. Geopolitical flashpoints such as wars in Ukraine and Gaza. The US left Afghanistan in 2021 …

Ahmedabad, Gujarat, piques interest. ISIS, as an ideology and group, has also attracted many crossovers: part of its anti-ISIS mission. But ISIS as an ideology and group has also attracted many crossovers:

EPRS: European Parliamentary Research Service · 13 June 2024 English

Academic freedom is a fundamental principle of any university and research system or institution, and is essential for a healthy democracy. The concept can be traced back to the birth …

expressing views that deviate from the dominant ideology or orthodoxy. Self-censorship can be a response

RAND Corporation · 13 June 2024 English

Testimony presented before the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission on June 13, 2024.

preparation. Their work remains guided by the ideology largely set by Deng Xiaoping and refined by subsequent subsequent generations of leaders. This ideology upholds a “peaceful development” strategy that is fundamentally leadership attempted to abandon a messianic communist ideology in favor of a pragmatic politics featuring market-friendly

ORF: Observer Research Foundation · 13 June 2024 English

Key takeaways from a year marked by profound disruption, change and innovation ladmir Lenin’s observation—“There are decades when nothing happens and weeks when decades happen” —has become a cliché in …

imposes on those left behind. The meritocratic ideology would not be so much of a problem, Sandel notes

CEIP: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace · 13 June 2024 English

Making sense of the parliamentary election outcomes and how they might impact issues such as climate.

with its original, nationalist, radical-right ideology. �at’s the distinction that we wanted to use in

The Aspen Institute · 12 June 2024 English

Narratives help us understand the world. They shape our identities, our aspirations, and our sense of purpose. They can offer or preclude hope. We need narratives of America that are …

racism, police violence, racial trauma, and the ideology of white supremacy and its subsequent atrocities either by omission or by commission. The debased ideology of white supremacy holds that white people are

Amnesty International · 12 June 2024 English

Amnesty International submits this document in response to the call for contributions to inform the next report of the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders on …

are independent of any government, political ideology, economic interest or religion and are funded

Pew Research Center · 12 June 2024 English

X stands out as a place people go to keep up with politics. Still, some users see political posts on Facebook, TikTok and Instagram, too.

about politics doesn’t lean toward a particular ideology or that they are unsure. For example, 53% of

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