Kanaks

Kanak (French spelling until 1984: Canaque) are the indigenous Melanesian inhabitants of New Caledonia, an overseas collectivity of France in the southwest Pacific. According to the 2019 census, they make up 41.2% of the total population with around 112,000 people.Though Melanesian settlement is recorded on Grande Terre's Presqu'île de Foué as far back as the Lapita culture, the origin of Kanak people is unclear. Ethnographic research has shown that Polynesian seafarers have intermarried with the Kanaks over the centuries. The Kanaks refer to the European inhabitants of New Caledonia as Caldoches. New Caledonia was annexed to France in 1853, and …

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CODESRIA · 2 February 2021 English

The subjection of the surviving indigenous peoples and their reduction to the status of inferior Amin: Ferocity of Whites, Ferocity of Capitalism 11 beings – quasi-slaves – followed by the …

of subjection, survived nonetheless. So did the Kanaks and the Samoyeds. The Soviet Union, heir to the


WZB · 2 December 2020 German

Examples are the Slovaks and the Hungarian minority in Slovakia, Poles and the German minority in Poland, Romanians and the Hungarian minority in Romania, and the Croats and the Serbian …

Indo-Fijians, which is of migratory origin. The Kanaks of New Caledonia have already lost their majority in India countries, e.g., Maori in New Zealand; Kanaks Minority is- in New Caledonia Immigrant minorities


CODESRIA · 3 July 2020 English

Every day, from the pale glimmer of dawn to the blazing sunset, the sun of Gorée journeys from the Senegalese plains to the pier, and from the pier westward to …

of subjection, survived nonetheless. So did the Kanaks and the Samoyeds. The Soviet Union, heir to the exhibit, among other strange creatures, a group of Kanaks brought in straight from New Caledonia. “From a safe distance, visitors could admire a group of Kanaks locked up in a cage.24” Since the 1870s, Europeans Association (AIA) Kaltenbrunner, Ernest 249 69 Kanaks xii, 100 International Congress of Population Kantor


DIIS · 24 June 2020 English

The French new right declares war on the collective memory that forms the foundations of a global liberal order. At the base of their project isn't a traditional nationalistic ambition …

afflicted Innuits, Tibetans, Amazonians, Pygmies, Kanaks, Aborigines, Berbers, Saharans, Indians, Nubians


Lowy Institute for International Policy · 1 May 2020 English

Key Findings Indonesian government policies in West Papua, combining military control with an emphasis on economic development, have failed to quell West Papuan nationalist sentiment. While West Papuan grievances with …

Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and New Caledonia’s Kanaks, is the appropriate regional grouping to pursue Front), the representative group for the indigenous Kanaks of French- administered New Caledonia. From the Vanua’aku Pati, lobbied for regional support for the Kanaks’ struggle, and island countries rallied strongly it on the basis that West Papuans, unlike the Kanaks, had no formal process for independence.100 Things


ZEI · 21 August 2019 English

Since 2002, the EU-OCT Forum brings together leaders from all Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) associated with the European Union, representatives of the European Commission, the European Parliament, the European …

resentment was slow to disappear among many indigenous Kanaks. Only almost a generation later, those eligible Wallis et Futuna are mostly loyal to France, young Kanaks tend to increasingly define their identity as distinct


Lowy Institute for International Policy · 8 May 2019 English

Key Findings New Caledonia faces an uncertain future as it prepares for its last local elections under the Noumea Accord, and as it enters a four-year process ending 30 years …

Calédonienne (UC), which included both indigenous Kanaks and European settlers, sought greater powers The French Government reacted forcefully — 19 Kanaks and six police were killed. It was the Gossanah in metropolitan France, perpetrated by young Kanaks against Europeans.24 In 2011, the visiting UN a devastating account of the social place of Kanaks: “There are no Kanak lawyers, judges, university of a total of 300 midwives in New Caledonia … [Kanaks] are experiencing poor levels of educational


PIF · 6 March 2019 English

On the day of the referendum the Committee deployed across the three provinces of New Caledonia – the Southern Province, the Northern Province, and the Loyalty Islands Province – and …

which resulted in twenty-one deaths – nineteen Kanaks and two French soldiers. The scale of the violence Islands provinces, as well as train and upskill young Kanaks to become professionals. The Pacific Islands Forum steady economic growth and development, and the Kanaks becoming increasingly engaged in politics and government objectives. For instance, the upskilling programme for Kanaks was successful in training numerous professionals draft law that automatically enrolled indigenous Kanaks and those people registered in 1998 on the referendum


CCEIA · 4 December 2018 English

In order to understand the reasons behind the dispute over eligibility, and to grasp the complexities associated with the New Caledonia’s independence referendum, it is necessary to examine the historical …

archipelago and the economic marginalisation fuelled Kanaks’ call for independence.4 At the same time, an aggressive the redistribution of land to the settlers. The Kanaks were further marginalised and the Pacific Forum as colonised people under international law, the Kanaks, guided by the Socialist National Liberation Front citizenship;10 besides the French one, they also recognise Kanaks’ indigenous character and distinctive identity international standards and French constitution, the Kanaks are considered indigenous people, New Caledonian


Lowy Institute for International Policy · 31 July 2018 English

Executive Summary Unregulated population migration within the Pacific has serious security and stability implications for the region, including Australia and New Zealand. Drivers of unregulated population migration include non‑traditional security …

renewed attention to the situation of indigenous Kanaks.35 These volatile situations together with the


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