Nationalization, or nationalisation, is the process of transforming privately owned assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state. Nationalization usually refers to private assets or to assets owned by lower levels of government (such as municipalities) being transferred to the state. The opposites of nationalization are privatization and demutualization. When previously nationalized assets are privatized and subsequently returned to public ownership at a later stage, they are said to have undergone renationalization. Industries often subject to nationalization include the commanding heights of the economy - telecommunications, electric power, fossil fuels, railways, …



CEIP: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace · 16 May 2024 English

Vladimir Putin has reason to be confident that Russia can maintain current military spending levels for a relatively long time. This is bad news for Ukraine, its Western partners and …

fairly well with recent pressures, so full nationalization is unlikely. The state will limit itself to

Fraser Institute · 14 May 2024 English

This report presents the results of the Fraser Institute's 2023 annual mining survey, which assesses the impact of mineral endowments and policy factors on attitudes toward exploration investment. The survey …

An exploration company, Company president Nationalization of mining assets increases uncertainty and exploration company, Company president The nationalization of lithium forces partnership with government

IISD: International Institute for Sustainable Development · 14 May 2024 English

At the COP 28 climate summit in Dubai, 198 governments agreed to transition away from fossil fuels. That means phasing out oil and gas, as well as coal. Yet most …

utini Initiative). Regulatory approaches Nationalization of private fossil fuel-producing companies

Sana'a Center for Strategic Studies · 13 May 2024 English

The city of Aden does not have natural resources or a history of domestic production; rather, the port has drawn resources into the city since the medieval era.[1] After 1839, …

important feature of which was the sweeping nationalization of private homes, businesses, banks, and farms parts of the country. Land Redistribution and Nationalization Under Socialist Rule The leftist wing of the Union for financial and military support. Nationalization laws of 1968-72 upended concepts of public class through employment guarantees.[14] Other nationalization laws took aim at the banking, industrial, and supervision of government committees. The nationalization of economic assets ended Aden’s free port status

World Bank Group · 13 May 2024 English

ownership in Morocco takes its root in the nationalization of strategic sectors after the country independence

IMF: International Monetary Fund · 13 May 2024 English

Japan has made progress in improving its crisis readiness since the 2017 FSAP, and the authorities are committed to make further enhancements that are needed. Notably, the authorities have introduced …

funds, setting up bridge banks, temporary nationalization powers, and the appointment of financial administrators regime would apply, except for temporary nationalization which only applies to banks (excluding cooperatives) insured deposits (‘item 2 measure’);14 and nationalization (‘special crisis management’ or ‘item 3 measure’) or has suspended payments, while temporary nationalization—as a last resort—is only possible when a bank owner; full ownership would follow in case of nationalization.35 The DICJ should develop policies and procedures

ADB: Asian Development Bank · 10 May 2024 English

This brief outlines how countries in Asia and the Pacific should ramp up resilient global supply chains to help capitalize on soaring demand for critical minerals as the shift toward …

interest. Defensive measures such as the nationalization of mines or the imposition of export restrictions

MP-IDSA: Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses · 9 May 2024

As a result of India’s growing nationalisation was done in two phases, the demands of coal, a need for systematic and first with the coking coal mines in 1971-72 scientific …

Coal cumulative coal production (up to Mines (Nationalization) Act, 1972 and September 2023) has seen a quantum

IOM: International Organization for Migration · 6 May 2024

WORLD MIGRATION REPORT 2024 The opinions expressed in the report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the International Organization for Migration (IOM). [...] …

Political Science Association: The De-and Re-nationalization of Political Conflicts in a Digital Age (SVPW/ASSP

NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research · 25 April 2024 English

We examine the long transition from water to steam power in US manufacturing, focusing on early users of mechanical power: lumber and flour mills. Digitizing Census of Manufactures manuscripts for …

cities and export markets (Kuhlmann, 1929). The nationalization of these industries occurred after our sample

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