Nationalization, or nationalisation, is the process of transforming privately owned assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state. Nationalization usually refers to private assets or to assets owned by lower levels of government (such as municipalities) being transferred to the state. The opposites of nationalization are privatization and demutualization. When previously nationalized assets are privatized and subsequently returned to public ownership at a later stage, they are said to have undergone renationalization. Industries often subject to nationalization include the commanding heights of the economy - telecommunications, electric power, fossil fuels, railways, …



EIRP: Energy Innovation Reform Project · 15 November 2023 English

painful evolution of the related conflict between Russia and transformation that includes de facto nationalization the West will powerfully affect prospects for lifting the of foreign firms trying to exit the

and transformation that includes de facto nationalization the West will powerfully affect prospects for

White & Case · 9 November 2023 English

The good news is that most of these businesses are now back on track and performing very well, thanks in part to the creative and unprecedented use of Chapter 11 …

interstate agreements for launched a “soft” nationalization the economics underpinning critical program investment treaties will have to consider. nationalization and privatization. specifically contemplate

IGCC: UC Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation · 8 November 2023 English

(2006, 2008), the mobilization of the group of “losers” by parties of the new populist right and by transformed established parties of the liberal and conservative right has provided the …

2(2):69–85. Ganga, Paula. N.d. “Privatization, Nationalization and Back Again. The Politics of Economic Policy

UNECE: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe · 7 November 2023 English

5 Decision 2022 – 4b.2 (ECE/CECI/2022/2): Regarding the continued use of the name “People-first PPPs for the SDGs”, the Committee took note of the results of the information consultations conducted …

risk (revenues or political risks such as nationalization). 57. Particular to road PPPs, however, is

CIGS: Canon Institute for Global Studies · 6 November 2023 English

Identification of elites and construction of vertex data In this research, we assume that an elite consists of political elites and economic elites; the political elite shall have at least …

railways declined substantially because of the nationalization of major railroads in 1906. Electricity and

IOM: International Organization for Migration · 6 November 2023 English

7/1985 Governing the Bases of the Local decentralization Regime, the Plenum, made up of the Mayor and the Councillors, is the highest of local body representing the citizens in the …

legal matters, administrative regularization, nationalization procedures, certification of studies and asylum

World Bank Group · 5 November 2023 English

Braced for Impact: Reforming Kazakhstan’s National Financial Holding for Development Effectiveness and Market Creation offers a framework for assessing the readiness of development finance institutions (DFIs) and their conglomerates to …

Baiterek and the government. Privatization or nationalization can also create contingent liabilities and the privatization deal is closed.9 Also, nationalization and acquisition of entities— such as the Bereke sidiaries grew again to eight with the takeover (nationalization) of Sberbank’s subsidiary due to the exit

World Bank Group · 26 October 2023 English

can be deprived of property for purposes of nationalization or other purposes except in accordance with

World Bank Group · 26 October 2023 English

Economic Diversification in the DRC is hindered by a business environment and key regulatory and fiscal constraints that are not conducive to private sector-led growth. Policies aimed to address the …

1990s and early 2000s. The unsustainable nationalization (called “Zairianization”) and radicalization

Jamestown Foundation · 26 October 2023 English

Russian economic weakness figures particularly in the Sputnik and Ecuador cases; Moscow’s disregard for legal and regulatory procedures in the cases of Sputnik and Nord Stream 2; vigorous pushback by …

radical transformation of the country through nationalization of the economy and redistribution of its wealth

View more