Paper is a thin sheet material produced by mechanically and/or chemically processing cellulose fibres derived from wood, rags, grasses or other vegetable sources in water, draining the water through fine mesh leaving the fibre evenly distributed on the surface, followed by pressing and drying. Although paper was originally made in single sheets by hand, almost all is now made on large machines—some making reels 10 metres wide, running at 2,000 metres per minute and up to 600,000 tonnes a year. It is a versatile material with many uses, including printing, packaging, decorating, writing, cleaning, filter paper, wallpaper, book endpaper, conservation …



WRI: World Resources Institute · 7 September 2024

across sectors strengthens countries’ capacities to reach climate mitigation goals. This WRI working paper reveals a complex and fragmented landscape of intergovernmental cooperation. On first glance, representation

Greens/EFA: The Greens/European Free Alliance · 3 August 2024 English

A study by Martin Sas, KU Leuven, Centre for IT & IP Law, Leuven, Belgium Jan Tobias Mühlberg, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Ecole Polytechnique,Brussels, Belgium

Via desktop research, we reviewed the relevant legal framework and analysed the available academic papers, civil society verification”, relying on the definitions provided under the UK Online Safety Act 2023 but also reports, standards and position papers

Individual Contributors to Policy Commons · 20 July 2024 English

in the more formal parts of the NYC financial sector? (WSJ) 5. Tips on how to read an econometrics paper. 6...

Individual Contributors to Policy Commons · 20 July 2024 English

Here is a new paper from W. Scott Frame, Kristopher Gerardi, Erik J. Mayer, Billy Y. Xu, and Lawrence Chengzhi Zhao at the Atlanta Fed: We study the effect of Department of Justice lawsuits in the 2010s

Oxfam GB · 19 July 2024 English

This report examines the systematic weaponization of water by the Government of Israel during its military campaign in Gaza. It highlights the severe water shortages and sanitation crises resulting from …

1ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This paper was authored by Lama Abdul Samad and co-authored by Martin Butcher and for providing expert review and advice on the paper. We also thank the WASH and Health Clusters for response. © Oxfam International July 2024 This paper is part of a series of papers written to inform further information on the issues raised in this paper please email This

GLA: Greater London Authority · 17 July 2024 English

The London Climate Resilience Review is an independent report commissioned by the Mayor of London to assess and enhance the city's preparedness for climate impacts. The review identifies six urgent …

‘Operation Helios’ in June this year. A recent paper in ‘Nature’ said: "Given how close 2023 was to

ECPAT UK: Every Child Protected Against Trafficking - UK · 17 July 2024 English

This report explores the heightened risks of human trafficking faced by unaccompanied children seeking asylum in the UK, specifically those accommodated in Home Office hotels. Through a combination of legal …

disappear from accommodation remains unclear. This paper rightly recommends a full and independent review seeking asylum in the UK. Under Review, Working Paper. 3334 The empirical evidence gathered through

Individual Contributors to Policy Commons · 17 July 2024 English

1. The evolving economics of cocaine in Colombia (NYT). 2. New NBER paper, surveys theoretical approach to designing research grants. 3. On the pricing of wines. 4. The Trump plan for AI, very different

Wharton School: The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania · 17 July 2024

Is there a point beyond which more money is no longer associated with greater happiness? In recent research, I found that happiness rose steadily at least up through incomes of …

BGI: Berggruen Governance Index · 16 July 2024 English

This report evaluates the governance performance of the United Kingdom ahead of the 2024 election, focusing on the interplay between fiscal austerity, economic stagnation, and public scandal. Despite a high …

Consequences of Major Tax Cuts for the Rich. LSE Working Paper. Available at:

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