Raw Materials

A raw material, also known as a feedstock, unprocessed material, or primary commodity, is a basic material that is used to produce goods, finished products, energy, or intermediate materials that are feedstock for future finished products. As feedstock, the term connotes these materials are bottleneck assets and are required to produce other products. The term raw material denotes materials in unprocessed or minimally processed states; e.g., raw latex, crude oil, cotton, coal, raw biomass, iron ore, air, logs, water, or "any product of agriculture, forestry, fishing or mineral in its natural form or which has undergone the transformation required to …



IRENA: International Renewable Energy Agency · 24 November 2023 English

Renewable energy

transportation to the remote site and local raw materials. 24 | RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR REMOTE COMMUNITIES:

AU: African Union · 23 November 2023 English

The Bidder shall quote in the currency of the Purchaser’s Country the portion of the Bid price that corresponds to expenditures incurred in the currency of the Purchaser’s Country, unless …

the Purchaser’s Country, for which (i) labor, raw materials, and components from within the Purchaser’s EXW price per line inland transportation and raw materials and per line item if Contract is line item N

ifeu: Institut für Energie und Umweltforschung Heidelberg · 23 November 2023 English

For the building sector, it can be translated into the following five overarching goals or key topics: Reduction of per capita space requirements Development of existing buildings before The aim …

renewable energies and renewable or recyclable raw materials. Sufficiency attempts to answer the question

Southern Voice · 23 November 2023 English

The analysis considers variables such as the gender of the business owner, the industry in which the enterprise operates, and the scale of the business in terms of employees and …

Business recovery is slow due to higher prices of raw materials, fuel, and labour, and frequent power outages 2020). On the other hand, the shortage of raw materials caused by transportation interruptions was a fluctuations but also drove up the cost of raw materials, placing additional financial strain on MSMEs material supply. On the other hand, obtaining raw materials displays gendered effects as more female business reportedly experienced challenges when sourcing raw materials (Figure 3). On the contrary, 9% of male business

Global CSS Institute · 23 November 2023 English

To underpin the long-awaited CCS strategy, the European Commission also commissioned two studies; one on the CCS Directive implementing report EU regulation for the development of the market for CO2 …

as the Net-Zero Industry Act8, the Critical Raw Materials Act9, and the Electricity Market Design Reform10 a secure and sustainable supply of critical raw materials and amending Regulations (EU) 168/2013, (EU)

UNDP: United Nations Development Programme · 23 November 2023 English

This energy governance policy paper serves as a strategic framework for UNDP teams and their partners to craft cohesive and impactful responses to foster a just energy transition. It intends …

transboundary dynamics, dependencies on critical raw materials, and potential for manipulation — will shape

MSC: Munich Security Conference · 23 November 2023 English

Version 1.0

Comprehensive reforms of international chain, fair raw materials partnerships must be designed institutions are

OEKO: Öko-Institut e.V. · 22 November 2023 English

The study assesses different aspects of benefit sharing agreements, including: • Any (emerging) requirements set out in the standards of the main carbon crediting programmes related to benefit sharing agreements; …

to sell semi-processed products, rather than raw materials. The focus on the payments seem to be focused

SWP: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik · 21 November 2023 German

ENNHRI Statement in the Context of the EU Trilogue Concerning the EU Corporate Sustaina- bility Due Diligence Directive European Network of National Human Rights Institutions (ENNHRI), 31.10.2023, 19 S. [...] …

eu/commission/presscorner/detail/de/IP_23_5263 Critical raw materials: deal on securing the EU's supply and sovereignty eu/news/de/press-room/20231113IPR10401/critical-raw- materials-deal-on-securing-the-eu-s-supply-and-sovereignty l-deal-to-reinforce-the-supply-of-critical-raw-materials/ Entwurf eines Zwischenberichts über den Vorschlag eu/news/de/press-room/20231113IPR10401/critical-raw-materials-deal-on-securing-the-eu-s-supply-and-sovereignty eu/news/de/press-room/20231113IPR10401/critical-raw-materials-deal-on-securing-the-eu-s-supply-and-sovereignty

View more