A tariff is a tax imposed by a government of a country or of a supranational union on imports or exports of goods. Besides being a source of revenue for the government, import duties can also be a form of regulation of foreign trade and policy that taxes foreign products to encourage or safeguard domestic industry. Tariffs are among the most widely used instruments of protectionism, along with import and export quotas. Tariffs can be fixed (a constant sum per unit of imported goods or a percentage of the price) or variable (the amount varies according to the price). Taxing …



IRENA: International Renewable Energy Agency · 24 November 2023 English

Renewable energy

Furthermore, investment costs are unmet due to low tariffs set for their electricity provision. Off-grid energy subsidised, or grant driven given the low monthly tariffs for end-consumers living in rural and remote areas areas. Analysis of cost-reflective tariffs across 39 utilities in Sub-Saharan Africa shows that 25% of through co-designing projects, setting realistic tariffs, identifying and providing land for infrastructure practises are further incentivised by time-of-day tariffs, discounted connection fees and attractive prices

GFEI: Global Fuel Economy Initiative · 23 November 2023 English

Motor emissions could have fallen by over 30% without SUV trend. Global fall averaged 4.2% between 2010 and 2022 but would have been far more if vehicle sizes stayed same. …

to make progress by reforming trade rules and tariffs applied to critical minerals, EV battery, and trade-related policies on vehicles include differentiated tariffs based on powertrain, battery size, energy efficiency

CIGS: Canon Institute for Global Studies · 22 November 2023 English

to the scope and interpretation of “like products,” a basic concept of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) that is mentioned in Article I and other provisions of the Agreement.

” a basic concept of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) that is mentioned in Article I

WaterAid · 22 November 2023 English

Sanitation is a critical entry point in achieving outcomes This paper aims to consolidate data on the across all of the Sustainable Development status of climate change and sanitation in …

sanitation enabling and service users themselves via tariffs and environments including collaborating household donors, banks and service users themselves via tariffs and Increased investment is required to expand

Cato Institute · 21 November 2023

These safeguard duties date back to 2018 when President Trump imposed tariff‐​rate quotas (TRQs) and tariffs on most crystalline silicon photovoltaic (CSPV) products—the predominant type of solar cells and the US Trade Representative (USTR) granted bifacial (two‐​sided) solar panels exclusions from the tariffs (only solar cells are subject to the TRQ). In October 2020, President Trump issued a proclamation the fourth‐​year tariff rate, the court overturned the proclamation, reinstating the exclusion of tariffs on bifacial panels and the 15% tariff rate for the fourth year.Then, last Monday (November 13), the

RAND Corporation · 21 November 2023 English

The U.S.-China rivalry is intensifying, causing mistrust and stifling the impacts of Track 1.5 and Track 2 dialogues. The authors of this report review the status of U.S.-China relations, the …

The Trump administration announced a series of tariffs targeting steel, aluminum, solar panels, washing

PCNS: Policy Center for the New South · 21 November 2023 English

After the global financial crisis of 2008, the belief grew among inhabitants of several advanced countries that globalization and the transfer of industrial jobs to Asia—or immigration, in some cases—was …

several, is the more frequent adoption of punitive tariffs, export restrictions, and local purchase mandates European Union law on compensatory commercial tariffs for local producers, who are obliged to pay a price

IMF: International Monetary Fund · 21 November 2023 English

Urgent and aggressive action to cut greenhouse gas emissions this decade is needed. As countries take stock of the Paris Agreement, this Note provides IMF staff’s annual assessment of global …

share of power from renewable sources), feed-in tariffs (a fixed price paid for renewable power generation) subsidies, two recent IMF studies find that feed-in tariffs, research and development subsidies, and other lowering tariffs can significantly raise imports of LCTs45. For all countries, lowering tariffs on LCTs46 products faced lower tariffs. However, when looking at LCT products specifically, tariffs tend to be lower needed for the transition (this is, LCTs). Lastly, tariffs are higher in developing countries, and hence import

Mo Ibrahim Foundation · 20 November 2023 English

While curtailing the emissions of those with the biggest carbon footprints makes obvious sense, and will have the greatest impact on the climate crisis, for Africa the focus must be …

airline tickets depending on a maximum 0.16% air tariffs destination and class of travel. The money raised trees burn, or land degrades. subject to heavy tariffs, which all other countries could levy on the offenders’

ECIPE: European Centre for International Political Economy · 20 November 2023 English

Globally, the biggest exporters of the EU and with regards to our main trading partners”.7 to the EU of products that will be affected by the CBAM But the findings …

s-are-most-exposed-to-the-eus-proposed-carbon-tariffs PolicyPaper to the CBAM. However, even though these

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