Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye [ˈtyɾcije]), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti [ˈtyɾcije dʒumˈhuːɾijeti] (listen)), is a transcontinental country straddling Southeastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bordered on its northwest by Greece and Bulgaria; north by the Black Sea; northeast by Georgia; east by Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran; southeast by Iraq; south by Syria and the Mediterranean Sea; and west by the Aegean Sea. Istanbul, which straddles Europe and Asia, is the country's largest city, while Ankara is the capital. One of the world's earliest permanently settled regions, present-day Turkey was home to important Neolithic sites, and was inhabited …

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CEIP · 22 February 2022 English

Since coming to power in 2002 Recep Tayyip Erdogan has overseen a radical transformation of Turkey. Once a pillar of the Western alliance, the country has embarked on a militaristic foreign policy, and

Publications Experts Events Strategic Europe Turkey Under Erdoğan: How a Country Turned from Democracy Erdogan has overseen a radical transformation of Turkey. Once a pillar of the Western alliance, the country Hardback$28.00 An incisive account of Erdoğan’s Turkey – showing how its troubling transformation may Erdoğan has overseen a radical transformation of Turkey. Once a pillar of the Western alliance, the country print() https://yalebooks.yale.edu/book/9780300247886/turkey-under-erdogan sustained by the aspiration to

EPRS · 20 January 2022 English

This EPRS paper analyses the implementation of the UK Withdrawal Agreement in three areas identified by the EU as key to ensuring the UK's orderly exit from the Union: financial …

Agreement and to the Facility for Refugees in Turkey. The UK will remain party to the EDF until the for Africa, and to the Facility for Refugees in Turkey. 2.2.3. Implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement

World Bank Group · 20 January 2022 English

This study develops a computable general equilibrium model for Nigeria, which accounts for informality, tax evasion, and fuel smuggling. By studying the impact of fuel subsidy reform on consumption, tax …

Impact Analysis of the Energy Price Reform in Turkey’, World Bank Policy Research Working Papers 5831

RSIS · 20 January 2022 English

Commentary These short- term community-oriented THE 11TH Mekong-Ganga Convergence of Strategic QIPs aim to directly benefit Cooperation (MGC) For- As one of the many sub- Interests the locals and are …

interested countries from partici- search Foundation of Turkey, dress development divides in pating— if no progress

World Bank Group · 20 January 2022 English

This paper studies external sovereign bonds as an asset class. It compiles a new database of 266,000 monthly prices of foreign-currency government bonds traded in London and New York between …

our analysis. First, two outliers (Russia and Turkey) decrease the average return in their sample. After Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey/Ottoman Empire, Ukraine, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam Serbia/ Yugoslavia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Turkey/Ottoman Empire, Ukraine, Uruguay, Venezuela, and

ORF · 20 January 2022 English

The European Union (EU) has proposed a new green taxonomy under which some natural gas and nuclear energy projects may be labelled as “green” investments if they meet specific criteria. …

-exxonmobil-qatar-sign-cyprus-gas-deal-despite-turkey-opposition https://www.reuters.com/markets/com ExxonMobil, Qatar sign Cyprus gas deal despite Turkey opposition International: Coal Australia will International: Non-Fossil Fuels/ Climate Change Trends Turkey in lead for global renewable energy production

World Bank Group · 20 January 2022 English

Implementation Development and Investment Bank of Turkey Agency: (TKYB) Date Commercial Practices ��PROCUREMENT Turkey : Formal Employment Creation Project PLAN General General Information Country: Turkey Bank’s Approval Date of

ORF · 20 January 2022 English

The second iteration of Colaba Conversation—Mumbai’s signature forum for discussing international policy issues affecting the city, the nation, and the world, co-hosted by ORF and the Government of Maharashtra—was held …

Ussal Sahbaz Managing Partner, Ussal Consultancy, Turkey Manhar Garegrat Executive Director & Chief of by alluding to the Turkish Lira’s devaluation. “Turkey has an open regime where one can transfer US

CEIP · 20 January 2022 English

Carnegie scholars assess U.S.-European cooperation on China, technology, climate, and more.

inner courtyard. Marc Pierini and Pierre Vimont: Turkey, the Middle East, and North Africa As Biden came focuses on developments in the Middle East and Turkey from a European perspective. More > @MarcPierini1 presence and influence in the region. Could then Turkey, as one of the main priorities for a common U.S with Turkey and called for restraint. A key issue remains to be clarified: the role of Turkey in NATO has been used by Moscow as a wedge against NATO. Turkey has de facto allowed Russia to get rid of both

IISS · 20 January 2022 English

Regional security dynamics and the constructs to manage them are in flux around the world. Governments are attempting to address a multitude of simultaneous security challenges; determine the depth and …

And thirdly, an Islamist-populist front led by Turkey and Qatar, seeking to support Islamist parties purposes. Turkey and Saudi Arabia allied in Syria against the Assad regime. Qatar and Turkey maintain respective setbacks to their agendas, Iran, Israel and Turkey have more competent and integrated security structures through superior technology and intelligence. Turkey has achieved military successes that make it (Saudi Arabia in Yemen; Turkey or the UAE in Libya; Iran, Saudi Arabia and Turkey in Syria; the Gulf cri-

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