Vehicles

A vehicle (from Latin: vehiculum) is a machine that transports people or cargo. Vehicles include wagons, bicycles, motor vehicles (motorcycles, cars, trucks, buses), railed vehicles (trains, trams), watercraft (ships, boats), amphibious vehicles (screw-propelled vehicle, hovercraft), aircraft (airplanes, helicopters) and spacecraft.Land vehicles are classified broadly by what is used to apply steering and drive forces against the ground: wheeled, tracked, railed or skied. ISO 3833-1977 is the standard, also internationally used in legislation, for road vehicles types, terms and definitions.

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The EU Toy Safety Directive

EPRS · 29 April 2021 English

The Toy Safety Directive (TSD) aims to ensure a high level of health and safety with respect to toys for children under 14 years of age and to guarantee the …

operated or not, intended for public use; toy vehicles equipped with combustion engines; toy steam


New Tools, Old Tricks: Emerging Technologies and Russia’s Global Tool Kit

CEIP · 29 April 2021 English

Russia has long struggled to overcome its inability to retain talent for homegrown innovation and R&D. As a result, Russia’s global activism leans heavily on tried-and-true tactics.

robotics and autonomous systems, unmanned aerial vehicles, electronic warfare (EW), and information operations such as EW jamming equipment and unmanned ground vehicles for demining operations. But Russia is so far


Climate action in Ireland: Latest state of play

EPRS · 29 April 2021 English

The EU binding climate and energy legislation for 2030 requires Member States to adopt national energy and climate plans (NECPs) covering the period 2021 to 2030. In October 2020, the …

potential support for lower-emission gas-fuelled vehicles, powered by hydrogen for example. There are also Ireland also plans to reach 936 000 electric vehicles by 2030, with charging infrastructure roll-out


Micro, Small, and Medium-Sized Enterprises: Key developments and update in the Informal …

IISD · 29 April 2021 English

This report provides an update on the Informal Working Group on MSMEs' work for June–December 2020, including COVID-19's impact on MSMEs, especially those led or owned by women.

exports of skins and leather products, footwear, vehicles, and clothing to fall by over 20% (Tembo, 2020)


Climate action in Belgium: Latest state of play

EPRS · 29 April 2021 English

The EU's binding climate and energy legislation for 2030 requires Member States to adopt national energy and climate plans (NECPs) to cover the 2021-2030 period. In October 2020, the European …

modes of transport, fiscal incentives for clean vehicles, and the development of electromobility. The


Ningxia Liupanshan Poverty Reduction Rural Road Development Project: Updated Project Administration Manual

ADB · 28 April 2021 English

Project or Program Administration Manuals (PAM) provide essential administrative and management requirements for project or program implementation. This document dated April 2021 is provided for the ADB project 48023-003 in …

volume and a mix of heavy vehicles, automobiles, motorcycles, nonmotorized vehicles, and pedestrians. Many


The Philippines: America’s Perpetually Useless Ally

Cato Institute · 28 April 2021 English

China has parked its fishing fleet in waters claimed by the Philippines. Filipino President Rodrigo Duterte has fulminated ineffectively. So far, at least, the Biden administration has declined to go …

At least there were some new unmanned aerial vehicles. Naturally, the Filipino fleet was less than


Prevention and Control of COVID-19 through WASH and Health initiatives in Secondary …

ADB · 27 April 2021 English

Environmental Assessment and Review Frameworks (EARF) outline procedures for the preparation of environmental assessment documents for a project. This document dated April 2021 is provided for the ADB project 55060-001 …

septic waste; (iii) uses appropriate collection vehicles. Multipurpose Shelter Not located in areas septic waste; (iii) uses appropriate collection vehicles. Storm water drainage system is incorporated


Fair and efficient tax policy

AEI · 27 April 2021 English

Kyle Pomerleau considers the challenges of two recently proposed policies: a wealth tax and a tax on the book income of corporations and urges lawmakers to consider broader-based taxes to …

That said, the gas tax is not perfect. Motor vehicles are becoming more fuel efficient and can now use sensitive to increases in fuel efficiency of vehicles. In addition, the VMT tax could vary by location


Asia Cube Wastewater Treatment Upgrade Project: Asset-Level Yongcheng No. 5 Environment and …

ADB · 27 April 2021 English

Environment and social compliance audit reports describe project compliance with environmental and social safeguards requirements and include information on consultations and participation of affected people, as well as conclusions and …

control measures such as sprinkler for construction vehicles, proper treatment of construction waste, etc


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