War

War is an intense armed conflict between states, governments, societies, or paramilitary groups such as mercenaries, insurgents and militias. It is generally characterized by extreme violence, aggression, destruction, and mortality, using regular or irregular military forces. Warfare refers to the common activities and characteristics of types of war, or of wars in general. Total war is warfare that is not restricted to purely legitimate military targets, and can result in massive civilian or other non-combatant suffering and casualties. The scholarly study of war is sometimes called polemology ( POL-ə-MOL-ə-jee), from the Greek polemos, meaning "war", and -logy, meaning "the study …

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Weekly Bulletin on Outbreak and other Emergencies: Week 18: 26 April - …

WHO · 4 May 2021 English

The districts of Majengo and Buhene near the city of Goma also experienced tribal wars as a result of


What Next After the U.S. Recognition of the Armenian Genocide?

CEIP · 30 April 2021 English

After decades of agonizing, a U.S. president has called the massacre and deportation of the Ottoman Armenians in 1915 and 1916 a genocide. Does it make a difference, and what …

module 1-1-1 - explanatory notes %E2%80%93 World War I casualties %E2%80%93 EN.pdf https://carnegieeurope following Turkey’s support for Azerbaijan in the recent war over Nagorny Karabakh. If anyone can a point a way framework of the end of the Ottoman Empire and World War I. Old stereotypes of “terrible Turks” have been


New Tools, Old Tricks: Emerging Technologies and Russia’s Global Tool Kit

CEIP · 29 April 2021 English

Russia has long struggled to overcome its inability to retain talent for homegrown innovation and R&D. As a result, Russia’s global activism leans heavily on tried-and-true tactics.

outside world. In the wake of Russia’s undeclared war against Ukraine in 2014 and interference in the 2016 global competition have clear analogues in the Cold War struggle with the United States in the developing information ecosystem and political processes. The war in Ukraine pushed these efforts to the next level AI-Enabled Combat: Coming to a City Near You?”, War on the Rocks, July 31, 2019, https://warontherocks


Reimagining the Anglo-India partnership

ORF · 29 April 2021 English

Amidst the rapid momentum of geopolitical changes across the world, India and the United Kingdom share a special relationship that has immense potential to not only realise contemporary strategic opportunities …

universities underplaying the UK’s dynamism in post-Cold War global affairs. There is a need to now re-invent


Bread and circuses: The replacement of American community life

AEI · 29 April 2021 English

How Americans associate together, and the kinds of communities they build, has varied considerably over time. Today, Americans tend to have fewer ties of association with each other, while the …

vet- erans’ organization formed after the Civil War. The GAR was an influential organization that provided show up at all. It was founded after the Civil War, and its last members died in the 1930s. It existed organized together in other ways: Revolutionary War officers formed the Society of the Cincinnati, while while veterans of the Spanish-American War formed the Veterans of Foreign Wars. Many forms of associational longer-established white lodges. After the Civil War, however, the geographic trends flipped: Freemasonry


The Once and Future Afghanistan

CEIP · 29 April 2021 English

The president has spoken. All U.S. forces will be out of Afghanistan by September 11—the twentieth anniversary of the attacks that forever changed America and the world.

done by Afghans themselves during the vicious civil war that followed the Soviet withdrawal in 1989. Hamid sense the Paris Peace Accords that ended the Vietnam War. Each successive step made this increasingly clear Americans walked out too, leaving us with a civil war on our borders. You also halted all economic and attack on the United States. We are not ending a war; we are leaving the battle space to our adversaries


Call us soldiers, sailors or aviators, but never warriors

Lowy Institute for International Policy · 29 April 2021 English

concerns, too, but less ­because of its alarmist phrases — “free nations again hear the beating drums (of war)” — and more because of the worrying way the author described military personnel. Nowhere could there American obsession with the term “warrior” was misguided and harmful. As he put it: “For the warrior, war is an identity. For the soldier, it is a job done in service to a larger community, polity, or authority the SASR and said they bore significant responsibility for contributing to the environment in which war crimes were committed by embracing, fostering or failing to restrain the “warrior culture” that grew

— “free nations again hear the beating drums (of war)” — and more because of the worrying way the author misguided and harmful. As he put it: “For the warrior, war is an identity. For the soldier, it is a job done responsibility for contributing to the environment in which war crimes were committed by embracing, fostering or


Vaccine Maitri is a pragmatic response to the pandemic

ORF · 29 April 2021 English

From supplying hydroxychloroquine to more than 100 nations to providing 64 million doses of vaccines to more than 80 nations, India’s imprint on global health has been substantive. And as …

org/expert-speak/american-bioweapon-or-the-china-virus-the-war-of-words-over-covid-19-64476/ https://www.orfonline org/expert-speak/france-must-confront-the-grim-realities-of-its-war-against-covid-19-64117/ https://www.orfonline.or https://www.orfonline.org/expert-speak/ravaged-by-war-cameroons-southwests-region-turns-attention-to-c eapons-and-biosecurity-lessons-from-the-covid19-war-65923/ https://www.orfonline.org/expert-speak/wh orfonline.org/research/who-the-battleground-for-cold-war-2-0-66561/ https://www.orfonline.org/expert-spea


DRC: Prioritize justice for serious crimes

Amnesty International · 29 April 2021 English

New Lukonde Government Should Set Transitional Justice Roadmap

countless crimes under international law, including war crimes and crimes against humanity, and grave human remaining involved in abuses and profiting from the war economy. Congolese troops often use abusive armed


Approaching Peace: Centering Rights in Israel-Palestine Conflict Resolution

CEIP · 29 April 2021 English

Centering rights and human security will not only help create the conditions needed to achieve a durable political solution but also promote U.S. interests abroad.

concept. In fact, in the immediate aftermath of World War II, the United States consistently centered values protect civilians and occupied people during times of war and led to the creation of the United Nations system already unstable region.1 Though the post–World War II international system has proven unable to prevent Iraq’s Resurgent Paramilitaries Biden and the War in Yemen: The Larger Context of the Shifts in the Iraq’s Resurgent Paramilitaries Biden and the War in Yemen: The Larger Context of the Shifts in the


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