2 March 2022
In early November 2021, Russia began building up military forces along its border with Ukraine. Over 100,000 Russian troops and military assets were deployed in western Russia and Crimea. Further troops were deployed to Belarus for military exercises close to the Ukrainian border. On 24 February 2022, Russia troops entered Ukraine and attacks have been reported across the country, including against its capital, Kyiv. For updates on the military situation in Ukraine, sanctions and other geopolitical aspects to these events, visit the Commons Library’s Ukraine crisis page. The briefing looks at the potential effect of conflict on people in Ukraine and the possibility of a refugee crisis, alongside what aid the UK and others have pledged in 2022. This is in addition to the humanitarian crisis which has been ongoing in eastern Ukraine since 2014. In that year, Russia annexed the Crimea and two regions in the Donbas, controlled by Russian-backed separatist forces, declared independence.