Ukraine - Russia: the background

User icon Toby Green
28 February 2022
25 items

A list of reports, articles and other documents on the background to the ongoing war in Ukraine and commentary on possible futures. (Image: Viewsridge https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2022_Russian_invasion_of_Ukraine.svg)


House of Commons Library · 16 February 2022 English

Nord Stream 2 (NS2) is a natural gas pipeline that directly connects Russia to Germany, via the Baltic Sea. It was launched in 2015 by Nord Stream 2 AG, a …


House of Commons Library · 18 February 2022 English

A Research Briefing by UK's House of Commons Library. In early November 2021 Russia began building up its military forces along the borders of Ukraine, for the second time in …


FPRI: Foreign Policy Research Institute · 8 February 2022 English

On February 3, 2022, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan traveled to Kyiv, where he met with his Ukrainian counterpart, President Volodymyr Zelensky, for a pre-planned meeting to co-chair the tenth …


Cato Institute · 30 January 2022 English

Talks continue between the US and Russia, which is vital for both sides. However, Moscow dismissed Washington’s written response to its proposals as inadequate, offering the prospect of dialogue only …


RSIS: S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies · 7 February 2022 English

Ukraine is of particular importance due to its strategic location and long history of being part of the Russian Empire and USSR. [...] So in reality, the West knows the …


FPRI: Foreign Policy Research Institute · 21 January 2022 English

Introduction How will China respond to a potential Russian military escalation against Ukraine? Relations between Russia and China have intensified in recent years, with Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping holding …


Cato Institute · 19 April 2021 English

Growing tensions between Russia and Ukraine are producing an surge of bluster from the Biden administration, as well as from the hawkish denizens of Washington’s think tanks. The administration keeps …


CEIP: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace · 20 October 2021 English

After NATO expelled Russian officers and cut the mission’s size, Russia announced it will pull its diplomatic mission to NATO entirely. Why did Moscow reach this decision?


IISS: International Institute of Strategic Studies · 24 February 2022 English

This report provides an assessment of ten offensive cyber campaigns conducted by the US, Russia and China, warning that the future of offensive cyber operations may indeed be as dire …


ICG: International Crisis Group · 24 February 2022 English

A statement by International Crisis Group. Russia’s assault on Ukraine threatens to become the largest European conflict in decades. A vigorous but judicious Western and global response is critical to …