Welfare State

The welfare state is a form of government in which the state protects and promotes the economic and social well-being of the citizens, based upon the principles of equal opportunity, equitable distribution of wealth, and public responsibility for citizens unable to avail themselves of the minimal provisions for a good life. Sociologist T. H. Marshall described the modern welfare state as a distinctive combination of democracy, welfare, and capitalism.As a type of mixed economy, the welfare state funds the governmental institutions for health care and education along with direct benefits given to individual citizens. Early features of the welfare state, …

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Bread and circuses: The replacement of American community life

AEI · 29 April 2021 English

How Americans associate together, and the kinds of communities they build, has varied considerably over time. Today, Americans tend to have fewer ties of association with each other, while the …

example, the rise of the modern bureaucratic and welfare state is clearly connected to the decline of many


Primacy's Twilight? On the Legal Consequences of the Ruling of the Federal …

EPRS · 27 April 2021 English

The study analyses the repercussions of the judgment of the German Federal Constitutional Court of 5 May 2020. It puts the decision into context, makes a normative assessment, analyses possible …

budgetary sovereignty of the parliament, the welfare state, and cultural self-determination. However, the


A Tongue‐​In‐​Cheek Appeal to “Own the Libs” Conservatives on Immigration

Cato Institute · 27 April 2021 English

diversity reduces support for welfare. It would be hard for liberals to choose between a larger welfare state and freer immigration, but many would choose welfare. Hard choices would probably result in some

hard for liberals to choose between a larger welfare state and freer immigration, but many would choose


The Welfare State and Sovereign Debt: Heading For a Cliff

Cato Institute · 5 April 2021 English

The welfare state creeps up on us slowly, in stages: a program here, enjoying broad support; another there, less noticed; small increments everywhere, barely noticed, like corporate tax breaks buried in redistribution—compelling or restricting some for the benefit of others—the “off‐​budget” branch of the welfare state; or to central banks, whose low or even negative interest rates only spur exploding debt. All

09/04/2021 The Welfare State and Sovereign Debt: Heading For a Cliff | Cato Institute https://www.cato cato.org/commentary/welfare-state-sovereign-debt-heading-cliff?queryID=9b8103884f13ec826362ee481abf15b1 b1 1/4 The Welfare State and Sovereign Debt: Heading For a Cliff Low interest rates and low inflation appeared on Decipher Grey on April 5, 2021. T he welfare state creeps up on us slowly, in stages: a program of others—the “off‐ budget” branch of the welfare state; or to central banks, whose low or even negative


Surviving a Mass Shooting

NBER · 1 April 2021 English

We use data on all middle and high school-aged children who survived a mass shooting incident on July 22, 2011 in Utøya, Norway, to understand how such events affect survivors, …

what is generally provided under a gener- ous welfare state with universal health care and insurance schemes


Does Gender Equality in Labor Participation Bring Real Equality? Evidence from Developed …

World Bank Group · 1 April 2021 English

Drawing on various macro- and micro-data sources, the authors present robust evidence of an inverted U-shaped relationship between female labor force participation and inequality. Overall, female labor force participation is …

Mandel, Hadas, and Moshe Semyonov. 2006. ÎA Welfare State Paradox: State Interventions and WomenÑs Employment


Does Gender Equality in Labor Participation Bring Real Equality? Evidence from Developed …

World Bank Group · 1 April 2021 English

Drawing on various macro- and micro-data sources, the authors present robust evidence of an inverted U-shaped relationship between female labor force participation and inequality. Overall, female labor force participation is …

Mandel, Hadas, and Moshe Semyonov. 2006. Î A Welfare State Paradox: State Interventions and WomenÑ


The Big Governance Issues in Botswana: A Civil Society Submission to the …

SAIIA · 31 March 2021 English

Botswana is praised globally for its prudent economic management, good governance and multi-party democracy. Elections are held every five years, fundamental human rights and freedoms are protected, citizens have access …

18 Jeremy Seekings, “Building a conservative welfare state in Botswana” (Working Paper 2017/83, UN University


The Political Economy of Inclusive Growth: A Review

IMF · 19 March 2021 English

In this paper, we review the role of the political economy in inclusive growth. We find that political economy forces on the demand and supply side have weakened redistribution over …

interrelated, as supply-side institutions such as the welfare state are formed by and respond to citizens’ demands (2003) “Reciprocity, Self-interest, a nd the Welfare State” in the Handbook on the Economics of Giving constraints; political systems; and the legacy of the welfare state institutions in place. These, in turn, are shaped redistribution: Welfare States The modern welfare state, or how states assume responsibility for social et al. (2016) find that a well-functioning welfare state as measured by the level of social spending


Macroeconomic Stability and Inclusive Growth

IMF · 19 March 2021 English

We survey the literature on the relationship between macroeconomic stability and inclusive growth and identify gaps in our knowledge. We examine the role of macroeconomic policies (fiscal, monetary, macroprudential, and …

institutions and tax policies and rise of the welfare state—which took place in the 1930s–40s” (Piketty


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